Contraception Methods: Types & Examples

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  • 0:45 Withdrawal Method
  • 1:23 Barrier Methods
  • 2:16 Hormonal Methods
  • 3:19 Surgical Method
  • 4:19 Abstinence
  • 4:44 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Yuanxin (Amy) Yang Alcocer

Amy has a master's degree in secondary education and has taught math at a public charter high school.

Watch this video lesson to learn about the different types of contraception that are available. Learn what they are and discover which method is 100% effective.

Contraception Methods

In this lesson, we talk about contraception methods, or birth control. These methods allow a man and woman to have intimate relations without worrying too much about getting pregnant. Most of the methods discussed are not 100% effective. However, we will discuss one method that is 100% effective 100% of the time. Each method has its pros and cons, and it is up to each person to find the best one for their needs.

Meet Sara and Nick. They are a newly married couple that want to know the available contraception methods. They're not planning on having kids anytime soon, so they want to know about the various methods out there and how effective each is. Today, they are visiting their doctor to ask about all the different types. Let's see what they find out.

Withdrawal Method

The first method the doctor mentions is the withdrawal method, also known as the 'pull out method.' This method involves separating the penis from the vagina before ejaculation occurs. It is the male that withdraws from the female when he senses that he is about to ejaculate. This method helps to prevent pregnancies by preventing the sperm from entering the vagina.

The doctor cautions them, however, that this method is only about 75% effective. This is because sometimes sperm can be released before ejaculation occurs, pre-ejaculation, or the timing of the withdrawal may be off. This method is more or less effective depending on how well the man knows his own body.

Barrier Methods

The next method is the barrier method. A barrier method is the use of a physical barrier during sexual intercourse to prevent the sperm from reaching the uterus. There are several choices in this category. The most common is the male condom. This is a rubbery glove that fits over the penis to keep the sperm from reaching the vagina. Other choices include the female condom, the diaphragm, sponges, and others.

All of these are placed in such a way as to create a barrier of some sort to keep the sperm from the uterus. While not 100% effective, the doctor lets the couple know that this method is effective 98% of the time, if a barrier is used consistently each and every time. The effectiveness drops if the barrier is used sporadically. Even though there is a barrier, the sperm can still sometimes find a way to get through.

Hormonal Methods

The third method the doctor discusses is the hormonal method. This method involves the woman taking hormones to prevent the female body from getting pregnant. The most common hormones used are estrogen and progestin. There are several ways that these hormones can enter the female body. For example, there are daily pills that can be taken or rings that can be inserted into the vagina. These rings release the hormones over time and can be left inside for about a month. There is also a hormonal shot that can be taken every 12 weeks.

The doctor says this method is about 99% effective. This is because everybody reacts differently to the hormones. Also, if a woman is taking antibiotics for an illness, then the effectiveness of the hormonal method drops significantly. If taking a pill, it's very important to never miss a single dose. Missing just one dose drops the effectiveness of this method by a lot and can result in pregnancy. The doctor also warns that the hormonal method does have side effects that need to be taken into consideration.

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