Contractions Lesson Plan

Instructor: Sharon Linde

Sharon has a Masters of Science in Mathematics

Use this lesson plan to teach, review, or practice standard contractions, then dive into contractions of those tricky possessive pronouns. Play a fun game to reinforce concepts.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • identify contractions in print
  • explain why contractions are used
  • demonstrate understanding of making contractions


  • 45 minutes


  • Index cards
  • Pre-made contraction cards - one half on an index card contains the contraction and the other the word it represents, cut apart (example: 'I am' and 'I'm')
  • Scissors
  • Chart paper
  • Markers

Key Vocabulary

  • contractions
  • apostrophe
  • possessive pronouns
  • pronoun

Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.3.2

Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.L.3.2.d

Form and use possessives.


  • As you introduce the lesson, avoid using any contractions. Say 'How are you all doing today? I hope you have not been working too hard' and so on. When students ask why you're talking like a robot, see if any students are able to identify the change in speech.
  • Explain the term 'contractions.' Write it on chart paper and ask students to write in notebooks. Define and discuss.
  • Show the lesson Possessive Pronouns & Contractions: Definition & Examples.
  • Pause if necessary to allow students to write definitions.
  • Pause the video at 2:15. Ask:
    • Why do we use contractions?
    • What is the apostrophe's job?
    • Are there times we shouldn't use contractions? Explain.
  • If necessary, pre-teach or review possessive pronouns.
  • Resume the video.
  • At the end of the video, ask:
    • How are possessive pronouns and contractions alike and different?
    • Ask students for samples of possessive pronouns and contractions that sound alike. Record on chart paper.
    • What question can you ask to determine if you need an apostrophe when writing?
    • What type of pronoun uses an apostrophe?

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