Countries in the Western Hemisphere Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Erica McDonald

Erica has a Master of Arts in Teaching with a specialization in Elementary Education. She has experience teaching second grade and fifth grade.

Have you ever imagined taking a journey to a different country? There are many exciting countries all over the world. In this lesson, you will learn about countries in the Western Hemisphere.

What Is the Western Hemisphere?

Imagine you're about to eat a delicious red apple. First, you decide to cut your apple right through the middle, from the top to the bottom. Now, you have two equal pieces of the apple. This tasty treat can help you picture how the Earth is divided into two equal parts, or hemispheres. An imaginary vertical line, known as the prime meridian, runs down the middle of the Earth and divides it into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. This line runs from the North Pole to the South Pole and helps us see where places are located on Earth. The Western Hemisphere is found west of the prime meridian, and it is full of exciting countries to explore.

The prime meridian divides Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres
World map showing prime meridian

North American Countries

With more than 20 different countries, North America is a large and lively continent in the Western Hemisphere. This is where you will find the United States of America. It is the second largest country in the Western Hemisphere and has a population of more than 300 million people. The United States also shares its borders with two other countries.

If we travel north, we will find a large country where people speak English and French. This country is Canada. It's the largest country in the Western Hemisphere, although it has a smaller population than the United States. If we travel to the south, right below the United States, we will find ourselves in Mexico. This is a large Spanish-speaking country, where over 120 million people live and work.

On the northeast side of Canada, you will find another large country named Greenland. This is a tricky name because this country is almost covered in ice! Greenland is an island in North America, but it is partly ruled by a European country named Denmark. It has a small population of around 50,000 people.

map of North America
Map of North America

Central American Countries & Caribbean Islands

Let's head to the central part of North America, right below Mexico. There are 7 countries located in this part of North America and most use Spanish as their official language. They are Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama. The country of Panama is known as an isthmus because it is like a bridge that connects North and South America.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create An Account
Support