Dr. Frazer has taught several college level Science courses and has a master's degree in Human Biology and a PhD in Library and Information Science.
Cows Were Pilgrims Too!
Today there are over 1 billion cows in the world and they can be found on every continent except for Antarctica. Over ninety million of these cows live in America, but cows weren't always found here. The first cows to arrive in America traveled with the Pilgrims from England in 1611.
Cows are also known as cattle, and each member of a cattle family has its own specific name. Female cattle who have given birth are called cows, while female cattle who have not had a baby are called heifers. Male cattle are called bulls. Even baby cattle get a special name - calves.
What Do Cows Eat?
Cows are herbivores, which means they only eat plants. Cows mainly eat grass - lots of it! They spend eight hours a day eating and consume about 50 pounds of food a day. With all the food they eat, it is no wonder cows can weigh anywhere between 600 and 2,500 pounds!
To digest all the grass, plants and hay they eat, cows' large stomachs have four different compartments, or sections. These special stomachs make cows powerful digesting machines. In fact, cows can digest foods that many other animals cannot, like plant stems or hard seed coverings. Animals, like cows, that have stomachs with many compartments to digest tough food are called ruminants.
Cows Come in Many Shapes and Sizes
Not all cows are black and white. In fact, there are over 800 different breeds, or types, of cows in the world and each breed looks a little different.
Highland Cattle that live in Scotland are furry and Texas Longhorns have, you guessed it, giant horns! There are even miniature cows. Dexter Cattle are a breed of miniature cow from Ireland that are only 3 feet tall.
Fast Feet and Powerful Noses
When we see cows they are often standing around in fields but don't be fooled - they can really move. Cows can run 35 miles per hour and have been known to jump over six-foot fences. Cows aren't just fast runners, they are also super smellers. They can smell things up to five miles away.
Friendly Farm Animals
What do cows do for fun? They go to the mooooovies!
Okay, so cows might not go to the movies in real life but they do hang out. Cows are very social, or friendly, and like to get together in big groups called herds. They 'moo' and use their body parts or facial expressions to talk to one another. Cows will even groom, or do their best friends' hair, using their tongues.
Cattle is another name for cows. Cows are herbivores, which means they only eat plants. They are also ruminants because they have a special four-compartment stomach made for digesting all the tough plants they eat. There are hundreds of different breeds, or types, of cows and they all look different. Cows can run 35 miles per hour and smell things up to five miles away. Cows are very social animals.
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