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Crocodile Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan is a tool for helping students learn about the crocodile. Students will be able to differentiate between various types of crocodiles, including the American crocodile, the Nile crocodile, and the saltwater crocodile.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion, students will be able to:

  • Ask and answer questions about crocodiles
  • Differentiate the characteristics of different types of crocodiles
  • Describe the habitats of various crocodiles around the world


90 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of science and technical texts, attending to the precise details of explanations or descriptions.


Determine the central ideas or conclusions of a text; trace the text's explanation or depiction of a complex process, phenomenon, or concept; provide an accurate summary of the text.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 9-10 texts and topics.


  • alligator
  • brackish
  • crocodiles
  • ectothermic
  • estuary
  • Everglades
  • extinct
  • lagoon
  • mangrove
  • marshes
  • reptiles
  • saline
  • semi-aquatic
  • terrestrial


  • Copies of the quiz
  • Copies of the lesson
  • Construction paper
  • Colored pencils
  • Scissors

Reading & Discussion Questions

  • Preview vocabulary with students before reading the lesson.
  • Read Crocodile: Characteristics & Habitat as a class, and discuss the following questions:
    • Crocodiles are close descendants of which prehistoric animals?
    • How are crocodiles and alligators different from each other?
    • Which reptiles are larger than crocodiles?
    • Which type of crocodile lives in the Florida Everglades?
    • How large are American crocodiles?
    • What type of habitat do American crocodiles live in?
    • What are some ways that crocodiles regulate their body temperature?
    • Where do the Nile crocodiles live?
    • What type of habitat does the Nile crocodile prefer?
    • What size are Nile crocodiles?
    • What does the Nile crocodile eat?
    • Where do saltwater crocodiles live?
    • How are saltwater crocodiles different from American and Nile crocodiles?
    • Describe the birth of baby crocodiles.
  • Ask if there are any questions, then give the students the lesson's printable worksheet to check for understanding.
  • Check the answers as a class.

Crocodile Habitats Foldable

Materials: scissors, construction paper, colored pencils, copies of the lesson

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