Copyright

Cyclohexane: Hazards & Properties

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov

Artem has a doctor of veterinary medicine degree.

This lesson goes over a compound that can cause you pain or relieve your pain. It's found in vegetables, and it helps make nylon. It's cyclohexane. Find out its interesting properties and hazards in this lesson.

Kohlrabi

Your mother has probably told you countless times to eat your vegetables. Did you? Do you? A mother is almost always right, and if she told you to eat some kohlrabi for dinner she was trying to do you a favor even if you didn't like it. Kohlrabi, also known as German turnip, is a type of vegetable that contains a compound known as cyclohexane, a chemical substance whose structure is represented by a hexagon. Remember that by spotting the 'hex' found in 'hex'agon and cyclo'hex'ane.

Anyways, let's go over this compound's properties and hazards in this lesson.

Properties

So why was your mother trying to do you a favor? Well, cyclohexane has some interesting properties. It has been shown to have antibiotic effects. In other words, it has the ability to fight off potentially dangerous bacteria.

Cyclohexane has also been shown to be a beta-oxidant. Don't get this confused with an antioxidant. An antioxidant helps to scavenge and neutralize mainly dangerous free radicals that damage the molecules that make up your body. Something that is a beta-oxidant helps you 'burn' more fat.

Cyclohexane also has some anti-nociceptive properties. In other words, it has anti-pain ('noci-') perception ('-ceptive') properties. In short, it has some ability to relieve pain. So, your mother was trying to make you feel better.

Not as interesting to most, but still important, cyclohexane exhibits the following properties as well:

  • It is a liquid at room temperature.
  • It is clear and colorless.
  • It has a sweet, chloroform or petroleum-like smell to it.
  • It melts at 6.47 degrees Celsius.
  • It boils at 80.7 degrees Celsius at pressures of 760 mm of mercury. In other words, at pressures found at sea level.

Hazards

That being said, most cyclohexane isn't used to relieve your pain, help you burn fat, or fight off bacteria. The main use of cyclohexane lies in the production of nylon. And it's probably best you avoid handling a concentrated and pure form of cyclohexane anyways.

Firstly, it's highly flammable. So, try not to play around with it near flames or sparks. Secondly, its vapors can be potentially explosive. So it may not only kill bacteria but pretty much anyone in the room. It has anti-people properties in that case, no? Actually, it's so hazardous that even runoff of it into a sewer can create a fire or explosion hazard.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support