Declarative vs. Procedural Knowledge Lesson Plan

Instructor: Maria Airth

Maria has a Doctorate of Education and over 15 years of experience teaching psychology and math related courses at the university level.

This lesson plan presents the concepts of declarative and procedural knowledge to teachers. The plan encourages the participants to actively engage in the concepts as well as plan their own methods of presentation.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Summarize the difference between declarative and procedural knowledge
  • Describe strategies to use in teaching the concept of declarative vs procedural knowledge
  • Develop unique activities and assessments designed to assess students' procedural and/or declarative knowledge in a given subject


2 hours (including student presentation time). Overall time depends on number of students in the class.

Key Terms

  • Procedural knowledge
  • Declarative knowledge



  • Ask students what type of knowledge they test when giving assessments to students:
    • Do you test declarative knowledge or procedural knowledge more often?
    • Which is more important?
    • Are these two types of knowledge exclusive to each other?
  • Tell students that today's lesson will focus procedural and declarative knowledge, how each works and in what ways they can be assessed in tandem.

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