Decoding Multisyllabic Words Lesson Plan

Instructor: Bethany Calderwood

Bethany has taught special education in grades PK-5 and has a master's degree in special education.

This lesson plan teaches decoding of multisyllabic words using spelling patterns and affixes. The plan includes whole group, small group, and individual work to promote concept mastery.

Lesson Objectives

  • Students will learn how to break multisyllabic words into syllables in order to decode them.


  • 30-60 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words.


Use combined knowledge of all letter-sound correspondences, syllabication patterns, and morphology (e.g., roots and affixes) to read accurately unfamiliar multisyllabic words in context and out of context.


  • Text lesson Reading Multisyllabic Words: Lesson for Kids and accompanying quiz
  • ''Spelling Patterns with Vowels and Consonants'' image from the text lesson, reproduced to the size of a poster or enlarged on chart paper
  • Copies of the list of words from the text lesson section ''Vowel and Consonant Patterns''
  • Copies of the paragraph from the text lesson section ''Multisyllabic Words in Context''
  • Highlighters
  • Student dictionaries
  • Index cards and markers
  • Multisyllabic words on sentence strips (or other long pieces of paper)
  • Scissors


Vowel and Consonant Patterns

  • Read the first section of text lesson Reading Multisyllabic Words: Lesson for Kids, entitled ''Multisyllabic Words.''
  • Show students the enlarged ''Spelling Patterns with Vowels and Consonants'' image from the text lesson. Go over the spelling patterns listed in the chart and the example words.
  • Distribute the list of words from the text lesson section ''Vowel and Consonant Patterns'' to each student.
  • Alone or with a partner, students try to break the words into syllables, paying attention to the vowel and consonant patterns. While students are working, write the list on the board.
  • Have volunteers come to the board and divide each word. Go over the way the words are broken into syllables.
  • Discuss: How does breaking a word into syllables affect your ability to decode the word?


  • Begin reading the section of the text lesson entitled ''Affixes.''
  • On the board, write the four common prefixes listed in the lesson. Students work with partners or small groups to come up with one or two words that contain each prefix.
  • Write the eight suffixes from the lesson. Again, students work with their peers to come up with one or two words containing each suffix.
  • Give each group of students one of the multisyllabic words listed in this section of the text lesson. The group identifies the affix(es) in the word and breaks the word into syllables. Have groups share with the class.

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