Deep Vein Thrombosis in the Groin

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  • 0:04 Disorders of the Groin
  • 0:29 Deep Vein Thrombosis
  • 1:34 Signs, Symptoms, &…
  • 2:38 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
If you think a bad hit to the groin area is the only cause of pain in that region, you'd be wrong! One possible cause of pain in the groin can have deadly consequences. Find out why as you learn about deep vein thrombosis in the groin.

Disorders of the Groin

When most of us think about a problem in the groin area, a few things come to mind: sexually transmitted diseases, skin inflammation, a lot of pain from a ball hitting the groin area (especially for males), and so on. While those can be very uncomfortable, they're rarely deadly. In a similar light there is another disorder related to the groin which can be uncomfortable and, in some cases, quite deadly. It's called deep vein thrombosis.

Deep Vein Thrombosis

The groin area is technically called the inguinal region of the body. Perhaps you have heard of an inguinal hernia? It's where a loop of intestine protrudes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall.

Well, the inguinal area of our body has veins coursing through it. Some of these are deep veins, ones you won't see with your eyes. For example, the iliac veins are such veins associated with this area.

These deep veins can be affected by deep vein thrombosis, or DVT. This is a condition (meant by -osis) where a thrombus forms in the deep vein. A thrombus is a blood clot that has formed in the cardiovascular system, which includes the heart and blood vessels. There are three general reasons why a thrombus would form in a deep vein of the groin:

  1. Something has injured the vein, like a surgical procedure or some sort of accident.

  2. There is a lack of proper motion to the blood. For instance, if a person is bedridden and doesn't move much, this would cause a lack of mobility to the blood in their legs (when a person moves their legs, this helps the blood flow better through the legs); and, finally

  3. The person has a condition that increases the tendency of the blood to clot.

Signs, Symptoms, & Complications

In some cases, a person may have no idea they have DVT as it may result in no signs or symptoms. In other instances, people with DVT in the groin may experience any combination of the following in their inguinal region:

  1. Pain
  2. Swelling
  3. Increased warmth of and near the swollen area, and
  4. A discoloration to the swollen area, like a red or purple-blue color to the skin

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