Desert Biome Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Alexandra Owens

Alexandra has taught middle school science and has a master's degree in Math and Science Education.

Come take a walk through the desert biome! In this lesson, you will learn all about the desert's climate, plants and animals. You better pack a bottle of water because it will be dry!

What Is the Desert Biome?

When you see a desert on television or in movies, it's probably shown as endless miles of sand and camels. Characters are often lost and in search of shelter from the extreme heat. While this may be true in some deserts, it is not the case for all of them. Deserts can come in all temperatures and landscapes.

What they do have in common is one thing: very little rain! In fact, a desert can be defined as an area with no more than 10 inches of rain per year. That is less than the length of your classroom ruler! The low rainfall of the desert biome creates soil that is very dry and difficult for plants to grow and people to survive.

Most people think that all deserts look like this, but they can grow plants and even be cold!
camel

So what exactly is a desert biome? The word 'biome' refers to a habitat or ecosystem defined by its climate, plants, and animals. So, the desert biome is the ecosystem made up of the world's deserts. Desert biomes can be found on every continent on the planet. Some are near the Equator, and others are closer to the poles, including in Antarctica! Since deserts are found in so many places, they are very different from each other.

Desert Climate

Temperatures in the desert can be very different. Some deserts are hot, while others are quite cold! If we went to the hottest deserts, like the Sahara Desert in Africa, it could reach well over 100 degrees Fahrenheit! One of the coldest deserts, called the Gobi Desert in Asia, can dip to -40 degrees Fahrenheit at the peak of winter. Brr! Even though their temperatures are the very different, both are considered deserts because of the amount of annual rainfall.

The Katpana Desert is an example of a cold desert.
Katpana Desert

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