Design a Monument Lesson Plan

Instructor: Adrianne Baron

Adrianne has a master's degree in cancer biology and has taught high school and college biology.

Monuments are amazing to view, but a lot of work goes into designing them. Your students will enjoy the experience of learning how monuments are designed and having the chance the design monuments of their own.

Learning Objectives

At the completion of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • Define monument
  • Describe the steps to design a monument


2-2.5 hours

Curriculum Standards


Follow precisely a multistep procedure when carrying out experiments, taking measurements, or performing technical tasks.


Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 6-8 texts and topics.


Integrate quantitative or technical information expressed in words in a text with a version of that information expressed visually (e.g., in a flowchart, diagram, model, graph, or table).


  • Projector
  • Colored pencils, drafting pencils, rulers, protractors
  • Poster board
  • Transparency of vocabulary words
  • Transparencies of several monuments
  • Transparencies of blueprints of monuments
  • Print outs of monuments and their blueprints available for the group activity
  • Internet access


  • Monument
  • Blueprint
  • Drafting
  • Specifications


  • Start this lesson by finding out if any of your students have visited any monuments. If any have, ask them to describe the monument they visited.
  • Next, project the vocabulary list onto the board.
  • Give the definition of monument. Ask your students if they can name different monuments.
  • Show the transparencies of the monuments they named as well as other monuments they did not name.
  • Give the definition of blueprint and why they are necessary when designing a monument.
  • Show the transparencies of blueprints of monuments. Explain how the blueprints were used as a guideline for building the actual monument.
  • Now give the definition of drafting and explain that many drafts are drawn before the blueprint is drawn.
  • Define specifications. Discuss how builders are able to use the finalized blueprint to know exactly how to build the monument to the precise height, width, length, etc. so that it is safe and enjoyable.

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