Designing PE Programs Based on National & State Standards

Designing PE Programs Based on National & State Standards
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  • 0:04 Using PE Standards
  • 1:43 Step 1: Start With the…
  • 2:21 Step 2: Begin With the…
  • 2:34 Step 3: Plan Evaluations
  • 3:06 Step 4: Plan Instruction
  • 3:46 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Erica Marcus

Erica has her Masters in Teaching Secondary English and taught in the classroom for five years before turning her attention to professional development.

This lesson will teach you how to design effective standardized physical education programs. It'll guide you through the process of backwards planning and evaluating to create the depth and order of the content.

Using PE Standards

While standards can feel restrictive when you think about planning your curriculum, they're actually a helpful roadmap that allows teachers to create and explore within a defined context. In the same way that the rules for any sport provide guidance for how the game is played, so do standards allow teachers to effectively plan curriculum development. Furthermore, it gives them a clearly defined set of objectives to measure their students against to determine progress and achievement.

Many states have their own set of standards that they use to help teachers with this endeavor. The National Physical Education Standards are set by the Society of Health and Physical Educators, also known as SHAPE, and they provide general standards in addition to offering a grade level breakdown of each of their five categories. They are:

Standard 1: The physically literate individual demonstrates competency in a variety of motor skills and movement patterns.

Standard 2: The physically literate individual applies knowledge of concepts, principles, strategies, and tactics related to movement and performance.

Standard 3: The physically literate individual demonstrates the knowledge and skills to achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical activity and fitness.

Standard 4: The physically literate individual exhibits responsible personal and social behavior that respects self and others.

Standard 5: The physically literate individual recognizes the value of physical activity for health, enjoyment, challenge, self-expression, and/or social interaction.

Using SHAPE's standards as a model, we'll break down how you effectively use standards to design your physical education curriculum. We'll be using Grade 5 standards to exemplify this process.

Step 1: Start With the Big Picture

Looking at all of the standards together will help physical education teachers effectively create a scope and sequence, or the depth and order of the content to be taught. First, when considering the overview, you may take in weather considerations if some standards lend themselves to outdoor activity, which standards can be met through similar activities, and which standards build on top of another. If you're looking at Grade 5 Standards, you might notice that a number of substandards are related to gymnastics-based movement, and a number are related to playing ball-oriented sports. Therefore, you'll want to be sure to group all your gymnastics substandards together so you can teach and evaluate them efficiently.

Step 2: Begin With the End in Mind

Teachers should always start their planning after deciding what standard they're targeting. This provides a North Star to guide you towards your end result and prevents you from trying to fit an activity into the standards that don't best serve that end goal.

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