Developing Movement Skills: Principles & Activities

Lesson Transcript
Instructor: John Hamilton

John has tutored algebra and SAT Prep and has a B.A. degree with a major in psychology and a minor in mathematics from Christopher Newport University.

In this lesson, we discuss ways to develop movement skills. These include locomotor, non-locomotor, and object control skills, used separately or in combination.

3 Types of Movement

Who doesn't love watching a great athlete or gifted dancer move with style and grace across their relevant arena of performance? Movement is one of the most fascinating aspects of the human experience.

Movement skills can be placed into three broad categories, which are:

  • Locomotor - these involve moving the human body from Point A to Point B in a given fashion:
    • Even rhythm - various activities for developing these include hopping, walking, and running.
    • Uneven rhythm - various activities for developing these include sliding, skipping, and galloping.
  • Non-locomotor (Stability) - these involve standing with the feet planted in place, and then moving the body in various directions. Furthermore, non-locomotor skills can be developed in these separate movements, but are more commonly performed in the context of calisthenics, stretching or yoga routine. Eight activities that develop non-locomotor skills include:
    • Bending - this merely entails flexing a body part, such as the elbow or knee, at the joint.
    • Shaking - this entails vibrating a body part or the whole body.
    • Stretching - this involves extending the entire body or a body part.
    • Swaying (rocking) - this entails moving the body, or a body part, forward and then backward, or from one side to another.
    • Swinging - like a sway, this also entails moving the body, or a body part, forward and then backward, or from one side to another. However, a sway tends to involve a more circular movement, while a swing tends to involve a more pendular movement.
    • Turning - this involves a rotation, or coiling and uncoiling, of the body.
    • Twisting - like a turn, this involves a rotation, or coiling and uncoiling, of the body. However, a turn tends to be a fuller movement, while a twist tends to be a partial movement.
    • Wiggling - this involves moving the body or a body part in a curving, as opposed to a straight line, fashion.
  • Object Control (manipulative) - these involve the application of force to objects, or conversely, the reception of force from objects. For instance, have the students gently toss a dodgeball back and forth to each other, or have them gently kick a soccer ball back and forth. They could also use tennis racquets and hit a tennis ball across the net to one another.

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  • 0:04 3 Types of Movement
  • 2:19 Combination Movements
  • 2:50 Movement Concepts
  • 3:23 Movement Before Fourth Grade
  • 4:15 Strategies & Tactics
  • 4:50 Lesson Summary
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Combination Movements

  • Combination - these involve pairing together a non-locomotor movement (such as swinging the arms) with a locomotor movement (such as running). Thus, the full combination movement would be running while swinging the arms. It is even possible to combine all three of the non-locomotor, locomotor, and object control movements together. For example, a lacrosse player will run (locomotor), while swinging her arms as she holds a stick (non-locomotor), and control the ball in the net at the end of the stick (object control).

Movement Concepts

When teaching movement skills to students, it may first be helpful for the coach or parents to convey the different types of movement concepts. They are:

  • Body awareness - this involves the children understanding how body parts move when playing sports and exercising, and which body parts move.
  • Effort Awareness - this entails the pupils having a grasp of how the body moves.
  • Relationship - this involves the students understanding with what the body makes movements, or with whom the body makes movements.
  • Spatial Awareness - this entails the children understanding where the body moves.

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