Diabetes Lesson Plan

Instructor: Josh Corbat

Josh has taught Earth Science and Physical Science at the High School level and holds a Master of Education degree from UNC-Chapel Hill.

Use this lesson plan to introduce students to diabetes. Students will read a text lesson, create a graphic organizer related to different types of diabetes, and discuss healthy habits for the treatment and prevention of the condition.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson, students will be able to:

  • define diabetes, including Type I, Type II, and Gestational diabetes
  • list and explain healthy habits for the treatment and prevention of diabetes


30-60 minutes

Curriculum Standards


Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative, connotative, and technical meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language of a court opinion differs from that of a newspaper).


Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts, and information to make important connections and distinctions; include formatting (e.g., headings), graphics (e.g., figures, tables), and multimedia when useful to aiding comprehension.


  • Begin the lesson by asking students to list on a piece of paper everyone in their family that has diabetes. This should be a private activity, as some students may feel sensitive about the issue.
  • Distribute the text lesson What is Diabetes? - Types & Symptoms. Ask students to read the introduction and first section (stopping before Type I Diabetes). Discuss the following questions:
    • What is diabetes?
    • What is insulin? How is it related to diabetes?
    • What is blood sugar? How is it related to diabetes?
    • What role does the pancreas play in diabetes?
  • Ask students to take out a fresh sheet of paper and make the following chart. They will read the next three sections of the text lesson and fill in their chart. This will serve as a handy study tool.

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