Lisa is a Continuous Improvement Coach for her school district and has taught in elementary school for many years. She has a master's degree in curriculum and instruction.
Different Types of Graphs
You are in charge of asking your class about their favorite school lunches. After asking everyone their opinions, you're left with a lot of data, or information, and aren't sure how to organize it. Creating a graph can be a great way for organizing and sharing your data.
Graphs show data in a visual way that's easy to read and understand. There are many different ways to graph data, but they all have some things in common. They all must have titles, labels, and be easy to read. Which graph will be best for your data? Watch more to find out.
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Pictographs show or compare data using pictures or symbols. The possibilities are endless with this type of graph. You can use any type of picture or symbol you choose. If you were making a graph about how many pieces of candy children received, you might use a piece of candy as your symbol to show the data.
The picture or symbol stands for a certain amount and is repeated a number of times. In this pictograph with the candy, one candy stands for two actual pieces. Since Sam received ten pieces of candy, there are five candy symbols on the graph. Pictographs are easy to use and understand, but sometimes can be inaccurate because it's difficult to show anything but whole numbers.
When you can make a pictograph, a bar graph is just as simple. It also compares data, but instead of pictures, the data is shown in bars that go horizontal (flat) or vertical (up and down). A vertical bar graph often looks like a bunch of buildings lined up. These are easy to read because you can then line them up and compare them instantly.
In this bar graph, the graph shows how many students use different types of transportation. You can quickly see that walking has the most students, because walking has the tallest bar. A bar graph has a vertical axis and a horizontal axis.
An axis is a labeled line to help look at your data. The vertical axis usually shows numbers, and the horizontal axis shows the different categories, but these can also be flipped. Everything must be well labeled so it's easy to understand. These graphs are also good for showing large amounts of data.
If you love dot to dots, then line graphs are the graphs for you! Line graphs show how data changes over time. These graphs also have a horizontal and vertical axis, but they usually both show numbers.
In this example, it shows how many push-ups were done over a series of days. The person who created this graph placed a dot for the number of push-ups each day and then connected the dots.
This type of graph shows growth increasing or decreasing. It can also show valleys and peaks. You can plot more than one set of data on a line graph, but you should use different colors for each line. For example, if you and a friend were graphing sit-ups, you could put them both on the same graph, but your line might be black and your friend's blue.
Graphs must have titles and labels and show data in a visual way that's easy to understand. Pictographs show pictures or symbols to help us understand and organize data. Bar graphs are visual bars that help us easily compare a data set on a horizontal axis and a vertical axis. An axis is a labeled line to help look at your data. Line graphs are connected points that show how data changes over time.
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Different Types of Graphs: Lesson for Kids Quiz
Instructions: Choose an answer and click 'Next'. You will receive your score and answers at the end.
A vertical line is one that is:
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Different Types of Graphs: Lesson for Kids
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