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Math for Kids23 chapters | 325 lessons

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Instructor:
*Deanna Krajenke*

Deanna has taught in both the general education and special education classrooms.

Division can be challenging to do. Our objective is to learn multiple strategies to help you divide whole numbers. Read on to learn about different ways to divide.

Have you ever shared a pizza with a friend? Did you know you were actually using division to share the pizza equally so everyone got a slice? Division is used in our everyday life, so it is important to know different ways to divide so you all have the same amount of pizza!

To solve division problems, the first step is to know what each number is. There is a dividend and a divisor.

Example: 12 ÷ 3 = 4

A **dividend** is the total number you are dividing. In the example above, 12 is the dividend.

A **divisor** is the number dividing into the whole number and tells us the number of equal groups we will have. In our example, 3 is the divisor.

A **whole number** is a number that is not a fraction. For instance, in our example above, the number 12 is a whole number.

- Create the amount of circles as the divisor says. Using our same example above, you would create 3 circles.

- Find your dividend. Using our example above, our dividend is 12. You will need this number because you will need to place one tally or dot at a time in each circle until you have a total of 12 tallies or dots (your dividend number). In other words, you would put one tally in the first circle, a second tally in the second circle, a third tally in the third circle, then back to the first circle to put your fourth tally, and so on until you have filled in a total of 12 tally marks.

- Once all tallies have been equally divided into each group, count how many tallies are in each group. In this case, there are 4 tallies in each group, so that is your answer!

This strategy is similar to Strategy 1. You will create equal groups, but instead of using tally marks, it is best to use place value.

- Create equal groups (amount of circles of the divisor; using our example, make 3 circles).

- Decompose your dividend into whole numbers.

- Divide the whole numbers into the equal groups, so that all groups have the same amount of numbers in them.

- Add up your whole numbers that are in each group. In this case, 2 + 2 = 4. So 4 is your answer!

This strategy allows you to use your multiplication skills to assist with finding the answer to your division problem.

- Write your division problem in the form of long division (see example below).

- Draw a line down from the division problem.

- Begin multiplying using your divisor (ex: 3 x 1= 3, 3 x 2 = 6).

- Continue on until the answer is your dividend number.

- The number you multiplied your divisor with is your answer!

Division will not always give you equal groups. When that is the case, you will have a **remainder**. You can think of a remainder as how many slices of pizza are left over.

When solving greater division problems, it is best to use Strategy 3.

A dividend is the total number we are dividing, and a divisor is the number dividing into the whole number. To solve division problems you can make equal groups, create equal groups with place value, and use multiplication.

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Math for Kids23 chapters | 325 lessons

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