Distribution of People in Rural Settlements

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  • 0:05 Settlements
  • 0:54 Rural Vs. Urban
  • 2:07 Pros and Cons
  • 4:03 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Natalie Boyd

Natalie is a teacher and holds an MA in English Education and is in progress on her PhD in psychology.

People live in many different environments, from big cities to isolation in the country. Watch this lesson to find out more about rural settlements, including the difference in urban and rural settlements and the pros and cons of rural settlements.


Jeremy used to live in a big city. There were people all around, and most people lived in small apartments because there just wasn't a lot of space.

But now, Jeremy lives out in the country. He can't see any other houses from his front yard, and there's only a very small village about a half an hour away from his home. Cities and large towns are even farther away!

A settlement is an organized human habitation. Settlements can be very large, like when Jeremy lived in the big city, or they can be tiny, like Jeremy's house in the middle of nowhere. Let's look closer at rural settlements, including the difference between rural and urban settlements, and the advantages and disadvantages of rural settlements.

Rural vs. Urban

Remember that Jeremy used to live in the big city, but now he lives in the country with very few people nearby. These are very different types of settlements!

A rural settlement is one that is small, and often below a specific population threshold, like 2,500 people. Jeremy's home in the country is an example of a rural settlement.

In contrast, an urban settlement is large, like cities and large towns. When Jeremy lived in the big city, surrounded by people, he was in an urban settlement.

There are advantages and disadvantages to both rural and urban settlements, and many people prefer one to the other. For example, Jeremy really likes the peace and quiet of the rural settlement, but his sister misses the hustle and bustle of the urban settlement.

One modern trend is that of urbanization, or migration from rural to urban areas. This is very common in recent history, and can pose some problems for rural settlements, as more people leave for the big city and the settlements slowly become abandoned.

Pros and Cons

As we've seen, rural settlements are small and have fewer people than urban settlements. And we've already said that both rural and urban settlements have good and bad things about them. But what exactly, are the disadvantages and advantages of rural life?

People who live in rural settlements enjoy a peaceful space that's free of too many people. In the city, for example, there were so many people that the noise could be overwhelming. At night, sometimes Jeremy had trouble getting to sleep.

But in the country, things are very quiet and peaceful. The only noises come from Jeremy's family or nature, and at night, he has no problems going right to sleep.

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