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Divertirse Conjugation: Present Progressive, Subjunctive & Command

Instructor: Elena Sacramento Lechado

Elena has a PhD in linguistics from University of La Laguna (Spain). Currently, she teaches Spanish as a foreign language and creates teaching resources.

Talk about your great times and wish others good fun with the verb ''divertirse'' (to have fun). In this lesson, learn how to conjugate it in the present progressive and how to express wishes with the subjunctive and imperative.

Having Fun

Imagine that you are on a vacation in Spain and you are having a great time. You want to tell your Spanish-speaking friends how much fun you are having. To do it, you will need the verb divertirse (pronounced: dee-behr-TEER-seh), which means 'to have fun'.

In this lesson we go with Laura to Tenerife, one of the Canary Islands in Spain, to enjoy the popular Carnival celebrations. Let's have fun!

Divertirse en el Carnaval (To have fun at the Carnival)
carnaval

Using the Verb Divertirse

First, let's consider a few things about the verb divertirse:

The infinitive of divertirse ends in se because it is a reflexive verb. This means that we have to add the reflexive pronouns (me/te/se/nos/os/se) IN FRONT OF any conjugated form of the verb, except when giving commands (in this case, the pronouns are attached to the verb).

  • You can use divertirse on its own, meaning 'to have fun'.
  • You can use it in combination with another verb. In this case the second verb will ALWAYS be a gerund (the equivalent of an -ing form in English). In Spanish, the gerund is formed by adding -ando or -iendo to the stem. For example:
    • divertirse bailando (to have fun dancing).
    • divertirse jugando (to have fun playing).

Present Progressive of Divertirse

We use the present progressive to talk about actions that are happening at the moment of speaking. So use it to say that you or others are having fun right now.

To form the present progressive we need to follow these steps:

  1. Add the reflexive pronouns depending on the person.
  2. Conjugate the verb estar (to be) in the present.
  3. Add the gerund (equivalent of the -ing form) of divertirse: divirtiendo. Notice that the e from the stem changes into i.

This is the result:

VERB: divertirse (dee-behr-TEER-seh) - to have fun

Subject Pronouns Present Progressive
Conjugation
Pronunciation Translation
yo me estoy divirtiendo (meh ehs-TOY dee-beer-TYEHN-doh) I am having fun
te estás divirtiendo (teh ehs-TAHS dee-beer-TYEHN-doh) you are having fun
él/ella
usted

se está divirtiendo (seh ehs-TAH dee-beer-TYEHN-doh) he/she is having fun -
you (formal) are having fun
nosotros/nosotras nos estamos divirtiendo (nohs ehs-TAH-mohs
dee-beer-TYEHN-doh)
we are having fun
vosotros/vosotras os estáis divirtiendo (ohs ehs-TIYS dee-beer-TYEHN-doh) you all are having fun
ellos/ellas
ustedes

se están divirtiendo (seh ehs-TAHN dee-beer-TYEHN-doh) they/you all (formal) are having fun

Examples in the Present Progressive

Laura is taking an intensive course in Tenerife to improve her Spanish. She's been lucky enough to come during the Carnival season, so apart from attending her classes, she is also having a lot of fun! The streets are full of color, amazing decoration and music. Everyone wears costumes and lots of glitter.

Laura sends pictures to her parents, who are on a vacation in Mexico, and texts them saying:

  • ¡Me estoy divirtiendo muchísimo! (I'm having a lot of fun!) Me encanta la isla. (I love the island.)
  • ¿Y vosotros? (And you (both)?) ¿Os estáis divirtiendo en México? (Are you having fun in Mexico?)

Her dad replies:

  • Nos estamos divirtiendo mucho. (We are having a lot of fun.)
  • Tu madre se está divirtiendo en la playa ahora mismo. (Your mom is having fun on the beach right now.)

Me estoy divirtiendo en el Carnaval (I am having fun at the Carnival)
divertirse

Subjunctive of Divertirse

Use the subjunctive to express wishes. You can start your sentences with these expressions:

  • Espero que… (I hope that…)
  • Que… (I hope that)
  • ¡Ojalá…! (Hopefully…)

To conjugate divertirse, we use the stem from the first person singular (yo) of the present indicative, which is irregular: diviert-. Notice the change in the vowel now (from e to ie). We have to keep this stem in all subject pronouns, EXCEPT FOR nosotros/as and vosotros/as, which need the stem divirt-.

VERB: divertirse (dee-behr-TEER-seh) - to have fun

Subject Pronouns Present Subjunctive Pronunciation Translation
yo me divierta (meh dee-BYEHR-tah) I have fun
te diviertas (teh dee-BYEHR-tahs) you have fun
él/ella
usted

se divierta (seh dee-BYEHR-tah) he/she has fun -
you (formal) have fun
nosotros/nosotras nos divirtamos (nohs dee-beer-TAH-mohs) we have fun
vosotros/vosotras os divirtáis (ohs dee-beer-TIYS) you all have fun
ellos/ellas
ustedes

se diviertan (seh dee-BYEHR-tahn) they/you all (formal)
have fun

Examples in the Subjunctive

Laura's mom has come back from the beach and sends her a message:

  • ¡Que te diviertas esta noche, Laura! (I hope you have fun tonight, Laura!)

And she replies:

  • ¡Gracias! (Thank you!) Estoy con mis amigos. (I'm with my friends.) Espero que nos divirtamos en la fiesta. (I hope we have fun at the party.)
  • ¡Que os divirtáis vosotros también! (I hope you (two) have fun as well!)

Translation: I hope you have fun!
carnaval

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