Dodo Bird Facts: Lesson for Kids

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  • 0:04 The Dodo Bird
  • 0:25 Facts
  • 1:07 Extinction & Consequences
  • 2:09 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Thomas Philip
In this lesson, you'll learn about what the dodo bird looked like and what happened to it when Portuguese explorers landed on its home island. You may be surprised at the number of dodo birds on Earth today, but you will learn exactly why that is.

The Dodo Bird

I know for sure that you have never seen a dodo bird fly through your backyard. How do I know that for sure? Because this bird has been extinct for over 350 years. This means that there are no more left on Earth. Even though they are no longer with us, there are so many interesting facts to learn about this bird!


Dodo birds were gray in color, about 3 feet tall, and weighed 22-40 pounds.The dodo birds are known for their very large hooked beaks, which were either pale yellow or green in color. They lived on Mauritius, which is an island off the coast of the continent of Africa.

Dodo birds had very small wings, but they couldn't use them to fly. Dodo birds were flightless birds because they did not have any predators (animals or human) on the island of Mauritius and didn't need to fly. Therefore, they ate fruits, nuts, and seeds on the ground. Even though they couldn't fly, they could run very fast. They also went into the water and ate crabs or shellfish.

Extinction & Consequences

In the 1500s, explorers from Portugal (the first humans on the island) arrived on Mauritius. We know a lot about the dodo birds from the findings of the Portuguese explorers. They hunted the dodo birds and used them for food. They also introduced other animals, like pigs, monkeys, and rats, to the island. These animals hunted the dodo birds for food, too. As a result, the number of dodo birds began to decrease significantly. Within 100 years after the first humans came to the island, the dodo bird started to become a rare bird on Mauritius. It is believed that the last dodo bird was killed in 1681.

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