Dove Facts: Lesson for Kids Video

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  • 0:04 A Familiar Sound
  • 1:01 All in the Family
  • 1:52 Conservation
  • 2:24 Did You Know?
  • 3:27 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Kristin Pia Hayman

Kristin taught for over 10 years in the elementary classroom. She holds a B.A. in Journalism as well as a Master's Degree in Elementary Education.

The dove is a special bird found all over the world. In many cultures, it is a symbol of peace and good fortune. This lesson will explore the many unique characteristics of these beautiful birds.

A Familiar Sound

Coo, coo, coo...

Ever heard that familiar sound coming from a bird? Chances are you are hearing a dove!

Doves are common birds with a very symbolic history. Many religions and cultures celebrate doves as a symbol of peace. The Christian religion uses the dove as a symbol of God, while other cultures release doves into the sky at ceremonies, weddings, and other important events.

The cool thing about doves is that they live all over the world, with the exception of Antarctica. They are pretty hardy birds and can live in desert areas, tropical forests, mountains, and woodlands.

Doves eat mainly insects, seeds, nuts, and fruits but in areas where people feed them, they will eat almost anything. Females tend to lay two eggs at a time, and it only takes a few weeks for them to hatch. In the wild, most doves live around 3-5 years, but in captivity they can live even longer.

All in the Family

Have you ever been to a city park and seen those cute little birds walking around eating crumbs? Those are pigeons and they are everywhere. Most people think of doves and pigeons as the same thing, and they aren't totally wrong.

Doves belong to the scientific family called Columbidae. This family includes all types of doves, but also pigeons as well. Pigeons are usually thought to be bigger and more of a gray color, while people picture doves as smaller and white with their signature long tail feathers. But this isn't always true. There are close to 300 species of dove, and each have their own special characteristics.

Most species of doves share similar characteristics, such as small heads, pointed bills, rounded bodies, long wings, and tail feathers. Their wings actually make up 40 percent of their body weight because of how muscular they are!

Conservation

If you are in a park, it may seem like there are doves and pigeons everywhere. But some species of dove are actually endangered, which means that their population numbers have gone down and they are at risk of dying off forever.

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