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Dragonfly Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

You've heard of dragonflies and maybe even seen one or two, but what are they exactly? This lesson will teach you lots of facts about the life cycle, habitat, and diet of dragonflies.

What are Dragonflies?

Danny the dragonfly is finally an adult! He has wings and is ready to go out into the world on his own. But where should he go? How can he find food? What kind of an animal is Danny?

Dragonflies can be lots of different colors.
dragonfly

Danny, like all dragonflies, is an insect. Insects are animals that have six legs, three body parts (a head, thorax, and abdomen), and two antennae. Most insects have wings, and dragonflies grow theirs when they are adults.

Danny is pretty small--only about 2 to 3 inches long when he opens his wings. However, some of his friends can be up to 6 inches long. Danny has four wings and a long body. He also has big eyes!

Where do Dragonflies Live?

Now that Danny is an adult, he needs to find a good place to live. He has a lot of choices because dragonflies can live in lots of different places, including rivers, streams, lakes, and ponds! Most dragonflies live in warm areas with lots of water and plants, so Danny chooses to make his home near a lake with his dragonfly friends.

What do Dragonflies Eat?

Danny is hungry! He needs to find some food for his dinner. Danny is an insectivore, which means that he only eats insects. When he was a baby, Danny ate water insects. He used his labium, which is a spiky part of his mouth, to catch the insects.

Now that he is an adult, he can eat flying insects! He uses his long legs to catch them out of the air. Today, Danny has caught his fill of flying insects, so now he is nice and full.

How do Dragonflies Grow?

Baby dragonflies are called nymphs.
nymph

Danny looks very different now than he did when he was a baby dragonfly, or a nymph. Danny the nymph hatched from an egg, and he was a dull, boring color. He also did not have wings. He became an adult when he shed his skin, or molted, to grow. He also grew wings, so now it is much easier to take care of himself.

Fun Facts About Dragonflies

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