Sharon has an Masters of Science in Mathematics and a Masters in Education
After this lesson, students will be able to:
- describe the elements of analysis in drama
- explain how stage directions, dialogues, soliloquies, and actions contribute to character development in a play
1 - 2 hours
- Copies of the lesson Analyzing Dramatic Works: Theme, Character Development & Staging, one for each student
- Selection of short plays, multiple copies of each play (You may choose to make paper copies of works from a short play collection/compilation.)
- Slips of paper containing the names of characters from the short plays (There should be one slip of paper per student and slips should have a character's name printed 3-4 times so that when distributed, groups of students with the same character name are formed.)
- Small container
- Chart paper
- Dramatic techniques
- Cast of characters
- Stage direction
- Main character
- Minor character
- Final analysis
Determine the meaning of symbols, key terms, and other domain-specific words and phrases as they are used in a specific scientific or technical context relevant to grades 11-12 texts and topics.
Integrate and evaluate multiple sources of information presented in diverse formats and media (e.g., quantitative data, video, multimedia) in order to address a question or solve a problem.
Synthesize information from a range of sources (e.g., texts, experiments, simulations) into a coherent understanding of a process, phenomenon, or concept, resolving conflicting information when possible.
Analyze the impact of the author's choices regarding how to develop and relate elements of a story or drama (e.g., where a story is set, how the action is ordered, how the characters are introduced and developed).
- Start the lesson Analyzing Dramatic Works: Theme, Character Development & Staging and pause at 2:34.
- Compare and contrast drama and prose, asking why these differences exist.
- Have students write 'Type of Play,' 'Theme,' 'Character,' 'Plot,' and 'Stage Direction' in their notebooks, then resume the lesson, instructing students to take notes on each of these elements of dramatic analysis.
- Pause at 5:54 and divide students into small groups.
- Instruct groups to review their notes together, then give each a short play.
- Tell groups to analyze the play's type, theme, characters, plot, and stage direction, giving an overview (not complete analysis) as described in the lesson.
- When ready, have groups share their work, allowing classmates to offer feedback.
- Play the remainder of the lesson and have students take the quiz.
- Collect the plays used in the lesson and set aside.
- Put all of the character slips in the container, shake, and allow students to choose a character name.
- Tell students that their group-mates have the same character name on their slip. Allow students to find their group and instruct them to sit together.
- Redistribute the plays so that each group has copies of the play in which their character appears.
- Tell students to read or review the play, then focus in on their character, determining how this character is developed in the play. What methods did the playwright use to develop the character? What are some specific examples of these elements in the play?
- Give students chart paper and have them make a t-chart listing methods used for character development and examples as a teaching chart.
- As part of their presentation, students should demonstrate each of the methods. For example, if the method is 'The character of Mary is developed through intense, dramatic dialogue to show her insanity,' one of the students can read a few lines of Mary's dialogue.
- Take students to see a local dramatic production, recording character development as they watch. Make arrangements to speak to the cast afterwards to discuss.
- Have students attempt to write bits of a play using familiar fairy tales, focusing on writing character development.
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