Back To CourseWEST Health/Fitness (029): Practice & Study Guide
48 chapters | 370 lessons
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Jennifer is a Registered Nurse with experience in Med/Surg, Orthopedics and Neurology. She also holds a B.A.
As the late, great, world-renowned sportscaster Jim McKay said during the opening of his Wide World of Sports program, sports provide ''the thrill of victory and the agony of defeat''. Both dual and team sports are about competing against an opponent with the ultimate goal to win.
So what makes dual sports different from team sports? As you may already know from experience, team sports involve organized groups of players competing against each other. These include sports such as football, soccer, lacrosse, volleyball, basketball, softball and baseball. Dual sports, on the other hand, are played by two people striving against one another. Examples of dual sports include tennis and racquetball.
Some sports can dual and team. For instance, wrestling can be considered both a dual and a team sport, as the wrestler must compete individually on the mat against his or her opponent, but his performance affects the overall team's score.
It's always fun to cheer on your team or favorite player, but understanding a little bit about the game and scoring can help. Let's take a look at a variety of dual sports.
One major dual sport is tennis, which involves a player using a racket to serve a ball over a low net while the opposing player attempts to return the ball back over the net. In tennis, points are awarded when a serve is failed to be returned. Tennis can be player against player, which is called singles, or it can be two players against two players, which is called doubles.
Another dual sport is racquetball. This game is much like tennis, except there is no net. Instead, the server hits the ball off of the opposing wall and the opponent must try to return the ball, again hitting it back against the wall. In racquetball, points can only be awarded to the server. Much like tennis, racquetball can be played either singles or doubles.
The last dual sport we'll discuss is wrestling, which involved two wresters competing for points. However, wrestling has a complicated scoring system. A fall, or pin, is when a wrestler is able to pin both his or her opponent's shoulders to the mat while exhibiting control. This awards the most points, which is six. An escape from the opponent is worth one point, whereas reversing control is worth two points. A bout is referred to as a major decision when the opponent wins by 8-14 points. If an opponent is winning by 15 points, the match is stopped and the win is considered a technical fall, worth five points. All the points per bout are counted toward the overall team score.
Now let's take a closer look at some different team sports. You may already be familiar with football, an American game in which teams defend their goals and try to score touchdowns on each other to win the most points. In football, a touchdown is when the team moves the ball into the end zone in one of three ways: by completing a pass or running the ball into the end zone; by recovering a fumbled ball in the end zone; or when a kickoff ball remains untouched and is repossessed by the kickoff team in the end zone. Directly after a touchdown is scored, the offensive team has a chance to score either one or two additional points. When the offensive team kicks the ball from the opponent's two-yard line through the goal posts located at the edge of the end zone, they receive one point, known as the extra point; or, if the offensive team decides not to kick the ball, but instead tries to run the ball into the end zone from the 2-yard line, they are awarded two points, called a 2-point conversion.
If the offensive players are unsuccessful at scoring a touchdown, they can try to kick a field goal from any position on the field through the goal posts. If the kicker is successful, his team receives three points. If the defense is able to tackle the offensive player carrying the ball behind his own goal line, he is awarded a safety, which is two points. Football is a full-contact sport where players tackle and block each other; therefore players wear helmets, mouth guards and protective body pads, including plastic padded shoulder pads.
Another popular game is soccer, a team sport in which players try to advance the ball across the field using only their feet, or sometimes their heads. The aim is to score in the other team's net. Goalies are players that defend the net. Goals are points scored when a player advances the ball past the goalie and into the net. Goals are worth one point each.
Less popular in the U.S. is a game called lacrosse, which involves players trying to advance the ball past the goalie to score a goal in the opposing team's net. It's a lot like soccer, but instead of using their feet and heads, lacrosse players pass the ball to each other using lacrosse sticks. Like football, lacrosse is a physical sport, although players are not allowed to tackle one another. For protection, players wear helmets, mouth guards, protective padding, and padded gloves. Girls lacrosse is slightly different than boys lacrosse. In girls lacrosse, little to no contact is allowed; therefore, the only required protective gear is goggles and mouth guards.
Next up is basketball. Basketball involves two teams playing on a court to score points by throwing balls through the opponent's hoop. In this game, two points are received when a player throws the ball through the hoop of the opposing team. There are also 3-pointers, which is when a basket is made from outside the 3-point arc. Free throws are an additional way to score points in basketball when fouls are committed. Basketball is considered a limited contact sport, and therefore no protective gear is worn.
Last but not least is the American pastime, baseball. Both baseball and softball involve scoring points by hitting a ball and running bases to reach home plate. For this reason, the points in baseball are called runs, and runs are granted when a runner hits the ball and successfully advances, touching all three bases and making it back to home plate without being tagged by the catcher or another player. A catcher is a player who defends home plate. Usually the batter will be able to advance one or two bases at a time, and must wait for the next batter to hit a fair ball to move ahead to the next base. However, a home run is when a batter hits a fair ball, touches all the bases, and makes it back to home plate in one play.
So, what are the differences between baseball and softball? Well, softball pitchers must throw underhand, whereas baseball pitchers can throw overhand. Softball balls are also bigger than baseballs.
Every sport relies on officials to enforce the rules of each game. Lacrosse, football, soccer, floor hockey, racquetball, volleyball, wrestling and basketball have individuals called referees who are responsible for making sure that all the rules are followed per the rule book. They are most often clothed in black and white striped shirts to differentiate them from the players. Tennis, softball and baseball have officials called umpires to oversee matches and games.
In the age of specialization, it is common to focus on just one sport in order to excel; but did you know that participating in one sport can help improve skills in another sport? Practicing taking down your opponent in wrestling can actually improve your tackling in football. The jumping and ball handling skills needed in volleyball and basketball complement each other. Football, lacrosse, floor hockey and soccer use similar strategies by facilitating a player to advance the ball or puck toward the goal. While floor hockey and lacrosse both begin with a face-off, basketball uses a jump ball. The concept is very similar - two opposing players are vying for control of the ball or puck.
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Back To CourseWEST Health/Fitness (029): Practice & Study Guide
48 chapters | 370 lessons