Early Childhood & Preschool Assessment Procedures

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  • 0:00 Assessment
  • 0:51 Why Assess?
  • 2:09 Assessing Preschoolers
  • 2:50 Assessment Tools & Methods
  • 4:13 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Laura Gray

Laura has taught at the secondary and tertiary levels for 20+ years and has a Ph.D. in Instructional Design for Online Learning.

Why should very young children be assessed? This lesson will cover the differences between assessing preschoolers vs. elementary-aged children, and different types of assessments that can be used.


Due to all of the high-stakes testing that has gone on in schools in the last 10 to 15 years, some people view assessment negatively. This is probably due to the all-tests-no-learning mentality in some schools as well as student stress. But did you know that every time a parent takes his or her newborn baby to the doctor for a checkup, the doctor does certain assessments to make sure the baby is growing well and thriving? It's the same in education as in health.

In preschool-aged children, assessment is often a necessary thing as it can tell parents and educators a great deal about a child's mental and emotional development. Let's talk about the differences between assessing preschoolers versus school-aged children, and some different types of assessments that have proven over the years to be both reliable and valid.

Why Assess?

Just like it is important to make sure that the newborn baby is growing and thriving, it's also important to be sure that growing children are meeting certain milestones. Educators should be aware that youngsters need to meet certain intellectual and emotional milestones if they are to thrive once they enter school. And that's where assessment comes in. Assessment of a preschool-aged child is usually done for one of two reasons: Either the child doesn't appear to be meeting developmental, intellectual, and emotional milestones, and more information is needed to determine if intervention is needed or preschool teachers want to make sure that their students will be ready to enter kindergarten.

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