Earth Hemispheres Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Erica McDonald

Erica has a Master of Arts in Teaching with a specialization in Elementary Education. She has experience teaching second grade and fifth grade.

Do you like to explore? In this lesson, we will take an exciting trip around the globe to learn about Earth's hemispheres. We will explore the Northern, Southern, Eastern, and Western Hemispheres.

What is a Hemisphere?

Picture yourself catching a ball in your hands. It might be a baseball, a basketball, or even a soccer ball. As you are holding the ball, think about how you could divide it into two equal parts. What would it look like? This might sound strange, but it's exactly how Earth's hemispheres work. We use imaginary lines to split the Earth into different parts, known as hemispheres.

A hemisphere is half of the Earth when we divide it into two equal pieces. Each of the different hemispheres has a name and can help us figure out where places are located on a map or globe. Our Earth is divided into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Let's learn more about each.

A hemisphere is half of the Earth.
Picture of globe

Northern and Southern Hemispheres

First, let's explore how the Earth is divided into the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. The equator is an imaginary line that divides the Northern and Southern Hemispheres. This horizontal line helps us see exactly where the Earth is divided into two parts. Remember that ball you are holding? Imagine yourself drawing a horizontal line all the way around your ball, right through the middle. The area on the top of your ball is the Northern Hemisphere and the area on the bottom is the Southern Hemisphere.

The Northern Hemisphere is above the equator. This is where you will find continents like North America, the top of South America, Europe, parts of Africa, and almost all of Asia. The Southern Hemisphere is below this line, and this is where you will find Australia, Antarctica, parts of Africa and Asia, and the rest of South America.

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