Eastern Europe: Countries & Capitals

Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
Eastern Europe can be defined in many ways. This lesson takes one specific approach to describe the region; points out its countries and their capitals; and shares some relevant information along the way.

Where Is Eastern Europe?

If you've ever been to Russia you have, in a sense, been to Eastern Europe. Now, you may think that's a bit strange. Russia is by far the largest country in the world. It spans over a gigantic swath of what is technically considered to be Asia, not Eastern Europe. So what gives? Well, the way Eastern Europe is defined all depends on if you look at it from a purely geographic, geopolitical, cultural, or economic way. Therefore, Eastern Europe can be hard to define. We're going to outline it using the delineation the United Nations provides for this area of the world. Inasmuch, we'll travel to 10 different countries and capitals as a result.

Eastern Europe is in red as delineated by the UN.

Eastern Europe B-P

While this makes no sense in terms of saving time and money on flights, we're going to travel to the countries in Eastern Europe in alphabetical order. First, we arrive in the country of Belarus. Nowadays it's called the last full dictatorship left in Europe. The capital of Belarus is Minsk. This country only gained independence in 1991 after the collapse of the Soviet Union, of which it was an important member state. There are about 9.5 million people living in Belarus. They mainly speak Russian but a significant minority speak Belarusian. Most are Orthodox Christians.

From here we catch a flight to Bulgaria and its capital of Sofia. Bulgarians, of whom there are about 7 million, speak Bulgarian. Most are Eastern Orthodox Christians. This country is known for producing many fruits, vegetables, tobacco, and wine.

After getting our fill of delectable fresh fruits, we fly to the Czech Republic and its beautiful capital of Prague. The Czech Republic used to be a part of a now non-existent country known as Czechoslovakia. The Czech Republic has about 10.5 million inhabitants who mainly speak Czech. The country has various industries, including an automobile industry.

From Prague we fly to Hungary, and its capital city of Budapest. Hungary was once part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire which fell after World War I. This nation has about 10 million people and almost everyone here speaks Hungarian. Most people are Roman Catholic. Hungary is known for farming crops and for its mining industry.

After finishing up in Hungary, we head on over to Warsaw, the capital of Poland. Poland has a long and rich history of being the crossroad between Western Europe and Russia. As a result, it has also been invaded or controlled by various empires and nations throughout its history. Poland has a population of about 39 million people. Most Poles are Roman Catholic, and the vast majority speak Polish.

Eastern Europe R-U

After appreciating famous Polish sausages, we move on to Chisinau, the capital of the Republic of Moldova. This country is pretty small as it ranks at 140th in the world in terms of total area. To put that into perspective for you, it's just a bit bigger than the state of Maryland. The country has about 3.5 million. Most people here speak Moldovan and are Orthodox Christian.

Another language that is significantly dominant in Moldova is Romanian. So why don't we just head to Romania then? We land in its capital of Bucharest. Romania, at least in the West, is famous for being the inspiration for vampires thanks to the book Dracula. The novel references an important region of this country called Transylvania. Over 21.5 million people call this country home. Romanian is the most widely spoken language and most people are Eastern Orthodox Christians.

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