Eastern Hemisphere: Major Countries, Cities & Physical Features

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  • 0:03 The Eastern Hemisphere
  • 0:43 Major Countries
  • 2:08 Major Cities
  • 3:37 Major Physical Features
  • 4:36 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
The Eastern Hemisphere is home to massive hot deserts, gigantic countries, highly populated cities, tall mountains, and much more. Learn about some of the countries, cities and physical features of the Eastern Hemisphere in this lesson.

The Eastern Hemisphere

The largest country in the world, the two most populous countries in the world, the tallest mountain on this planet, a nation that is both an island and a continent, and some of the most advanced economies around: What do they all have in common with one another? They're all in the Eastern Hemisphere, the part of the world that is east of the Prime Meridian and west of the antemeridian. The Prime Meridian is a coordinate with zero degrees longitude that divides the world into left and right halves and runs, most famously, through Greenwich, England. The antimeridian runs through the Pacific Ocean at 180 degrees longitude, roughly halfway between Japan and Hawaii.

Major Countries

As mentioned, the Eastern Hemisphere is home to the largest country in the world, that of Russia. Russia is composed of almost 17.1 million square kilometers of land. Russia has a long and rich history and was most recently the largest state in the Soviet Union, the main political adversary of the Western world for the better part of the 20th century.

Like the Soviet Union was, China is a communist nation. It's also the fourth largest nation on Earth in terms of area at 9.6 million square km. In addition, China is the most populous nation on this planet, with a current population of 1.4 billion people.

Not very far away from that number is India, the 7th largest nation by landmass and the second most populous country. Its population is roughly 1.25 billion people, and it's gaining fast on China.

While not nearly as big in terms of land area nor population, the Eastern hemisphere is composed of many other important nations as well, including:

  • Germany and France: two European economic and technological powerhouses
  • Australia: an island nation that is also a continent.
  • Japan: a highly technologically advanced nation lying close to China and Russia
  • Singapore: another very advanced nation that is only 0.004% the size of Russia - that's less than the size of New York City!

Major Cities

Actually, Singapore is a nice segue to our next topic of discussion, the major cities of the Eastern Hemisphere. That's because Singapore is actually a city and a country at the same time. Other important cities of the Eastern hemisphere include Tokyo, Jakarta, Seoul, New Delhi, Shanghai, and Moscow. Let's take a closer look at each of these cities:

  • Tokyo is the capital of Japan and holds over 37,000,000 people! It's the world's largest city in terms of population size when you include its metro population.

  • Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia. This is an important trading port and has over 30,000,000 inhabitants.

  • Seoul is the capital of South Korea. With over 26,000,000 people, it's a highly advanced city known for lots of innovation.

  • New Delhi is the capital of India, containing over 25,000,000 people. It's an important center for various commercial enterprises and one of the most polluted cities in the entire world at the same time.

  • Shanghai is the largest city in China, with over 25,000,000 inhabitants. It's the most populated city in the world when the metro areas of world cities are excluded in the population tally. It also contains an important global financial center. Like New Delhi, Shanghai struggles with various pollution problems.

  • Moscow is where the Kremlin (Russia's seat of power) is located. Moscow is often seen as one of the West's biggest foes when it comes to international politics.

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