Educational Coaching Models Video

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  • 0:04 What Is an…
  • 1:00 The GROW Model
  • 2:06 The SMART Model
  • 3:15 The FUEL Model
  • 4:24 Finding & Implementing a Model
  • 5:58 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Sharon Linde
Teachers are like everyone else - they benefit from guidance and assistance. These days, many districts use instructional coaches and models, or action plans, as teacher performance is more regularly measured and monitored. In this lesson, you'll learn about the work of educational coaches while exploring three different models currently used in the field.

What Is an Instructional Coach?

An instructional coach, or IC, is a professional who works collaboratively with teachers to promote best teaching practices, often through the use of educational models. Because instructional coaches are specially trained and fluent in specific subject matter and pedagogy, they can provide school administrators with curricula support. For example, they may help teachers understand district goals and objectives, collect and analyze data, and model teach. Instructional coaches also conduct observations and set performance criteria; they aren't meant to function as evaluators.

Instructional coaches come in all shapes and sizes. Some are content specific, such as a reading, math, or data coach. Some travel between several schools, and some are assigned to just one. Some are given specific instruction and have little wiggle room, while others are autonomous members of the school who determine their own outcomes.

Let's take a look at three of the models currently used in the field.

The GROW Model

The GROW model is a tool used to format coaching or mentoring. While not specific to instructional coaching, many ICs use it to frame their practice. GROW stands for goal, reality, options, and way forward or will. This simple 4-step model allows ICs to set both short-term and long-term goals with teachers; this circular model is often repeated during the school year.

  • Goals: Some educational goals can be set at every curricula planning meeting, but general overarching goals should also be addressed and revisited.
  • Reality: Instructional teams use district and state expectations and student data to determine goals. They also develop methods for measuring success.
  • Options: Once goals are set, the team explores options, or steps, towards meeting the goals. For example, what type of instruction is necessary? Are academic interventions needed?
  • Way forward or will: Finally, team questions help the educational model or process get off the ground. This demands commitment, motivation, and accountability from both coaches and educators.

The SMART Model

Another popular, user-friendly coaching method is the SMART model, in which ICs and teachers determine performance indicators by creating

  • Specific
  • Measurable
  • Attainable
  • Realistic, and
  • Time-bound goals

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