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Effects of the U.S. Civil War Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan is a tool for helping students learn about the effects of the American Civil War. Students will answer questions about a text and summarize the economic, political, and societal impact.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion, students will be able to:

  • Summarize the economic, political, and societal impacts of war.
  • Analyze how the U.S. changed from before and after the war.

Length

90 minutes

Common Core Curriculum Standards

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.1

Cite specific textual evidence to support analysis of primary and secondary sources, attending to such features as the date and origin of the information.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.2

Determine the central ideas or information of a primary or secondary source; provide an accurate summary of how key events or ideas develop over the course of the text.

  • CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RH.9-10.4

Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including vocabulary describing political, social, or economic aspects of history/social science.

Vocabulary

  • agricultural sector
  • Antebellum South
  • Emancipation Proclamation
  • Freedmen's Bureau
  • Fugitive Slave Act
  • mecca
  • Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • Reconstruction
  • secession
  • transcontinental
  • writ of habeas corpus

Materials

  • Copies of the quiz
  • Copies of the lesson
  • Access to research materials
  • Paper
  • Pens
  • Chart paper
  • Markers

Video & Discussion Questions

  • Pre-teach vocabulary words to students.
  • Hand-out the transcript of the lesson for students to take notes and follow along.
  • Watch The American Civil War's Impact on the Economy, Society, Politics & Government.
  • Pause at 3:41, and discuss:
    • What are some economic advantages the Northern states had that the Southern states did not?
    • What is the Missouri Compromise of 1820?
    • What is the Fugitive Slave Act?
    • What is the writ of habeas corpus?
    • What legislation was enacted to secure America's economic future after the Civil War?
    • What happened on April 9, 1864 to end the Civil War?
  • Play the remainder of the video.
    • Describe the Emancipation Proclamation.
    • Describe racial tension in the North and the South following the war.
    • What was the Freedmen's Bureau?
    • What happened to the plantations after the war?
  • Pass out the printable worksheet. Have students complete the questions independently, then check the answers together.

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