Egg Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

Did you know that millions of eggs are laid around the world every day? Come and learn about the parts of an egg, health benefits, and the different types of eggs that come from various animals.

Parts of an Egg

How do you like your eggs in the morning? Hard boiled? Scrambled? Over easy? Regardless of how you eat your eggs, they all start out the same way - they come from a hen. There are four main parts of a hen's egg.

  1. Shell: You can see the shell from the outside. It is hard, yet fragile. The shell can be white or brown. If you look very closely, you can see thousands of teeny tiny pores on the shell. They look like little holes and they allow air to pass through the egg.
  2. Membrane: Right underneath the shell are two membranes - the outer and inner shell membranes. Their job is to prevent the liquid that is inside the egg from evaporating, as well as keep the egg protected from bacteria. The membranes are clear and soft but have a definite egg-like shape.
  3. Egg white: Sometimes, this is referred to as a white yolk. The white yolk is low in fat, but high in other nutrients. If you are frying an egg, this part will be white and will surround the yellow center of the egg.
  4. Yolk: This is the yellow center of the egg. It is circular in shape. The yolk contains many vitamins and minerals that make you healthy and strong, such as vitamin D. Sometimes the egg will be different shades of yellow and orange, depending on what the hen ate.

An egg with the shell peeled off

Benefits of Eggs

An egg is one of the healthiest choices that you can make for breakfast. One of their greatest benefits is the high amount of protein. In fact, eggs have some of the highest-quality protein that you can get. Protein is what your body needs to repair old cells and create new cells. Protein also makes you feel full for a longer period of time so that you do not overeat. It gives you energy and strengthens your muscles. Another benefit of eggs is that they are low in calories, low in carbohydrates and high in vitamins. The vitamins are important because they make your body strong and help you to fight diseases.

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