Egyptian Mythology: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Shelley Vessels

Shelley has taught at the middle school level for 10 years and has a master's degree in teaching English.

Many cultures have stories to explain things that they don't understand, but Egyptian mythology was a little bit different than most. Read the following lesson to see what makes Egyptian mythology unique and learn about some of the major gods.

What Is Egyptian Mythology?

Let's play a little game of Two Truths and a Lie to help warm up your brain on the topic of Egyptian mythology. In this game, you'll see three statements, and it's your job to guess which two are facts and which one is a fib. Are you ready?

  1. In Egyptian mythology, gods and goddess were always drawn as incredibly beautiful people.
  2. In Egyptian mythology, there were over 2,000 gods and goddesses that appeared in the myths.
  3. People in ancient Egypt prayed to the gods and goddesses for things they wanted.

Did you figure out which one is the fib? The lie is that the characters of Egyptian mythology were always shown as hunky gods and stunning goddesses. Actually, sometimes they were drawn with green bodies or with animal heads on human bodies!

It's true that there were over 2,000 gods and goddesses in the Egyptian myths that answered the questions of the Egyptian people, things like:

  • Why things in nature came to be
  • What are the consequences of poor decision-making
  • The reasons behind supernatural occurrences

It's also true that people prayed to the gods and goddesses for things that they wanted, and they even would retaliate if the gods did not grant every wish by hitting the god's statue!

Gods and Goddesses of Egyptian Mythology

With over 2,000 characters, we certainly can't cover all of the Egyptian gods and goddesses in this lesson, but here are the main ones:

  • Amun - he was the god of three very important things: sky, air, and sun. He usually was drawn with blue skin, and sometimes he was drawn as having a frog head or a ram head on a human body.
  • Anubis - he was an interesting character who had a jackal head, and his claim to fame is that he figured out how to embalm (or preserve) a dead body. Yikes! Doesn't he sound like someone whom you'd like to invite over for dinner?
  • Ra - he was the sun god, and a god that you might have heard of if you're already somewhat familiar with Egyptian mythology. Essentially, Ra was a 'big deal.' Ra was also known as 'the father of the gods,' and he was often drawn holding an Ankh, a symbol in Egyptian mythology that represented life.

Ankh
ankh

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