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Elk Facts: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

An elk may look like a moose or a deer, but it's its own species. Find out more about these huge mammals that roam the mountains and valleys, including what they eat, where they live, how they give birth, and what those antlers are for.

What Are Elk?

Meet Eli the Elk! Eli is here to tell you all about himself, his food, and his life. Eli is a type of animal called a mammal. Mammals are animals that have hair or fur, are warm-blooded, and give birth to live babies.

Only male elk have antlers.
elk

Did you know that another name for elk is 'wapiti'? This is a Native American word that means light-colored deer. Elk and deer are related, but elk are much bigger than deer. A male elk like Eli can be 5 feet tall with 4-foot antlers. With antlers, this makes a male elk like Eli about 3 feet taller than a tall man! Elk can be lots of colors, including gray, tan, and brown.

Where Do Elk Live?

Eli and his elk friends can live in many places in North America, but most of them live in the western United States and southwestern Canada. You can see lots of elk in places like Yellowstone National Park and the National Elk Refuge in Wyoming.

Elk migrate, or travel, in different seasons.
elk

Elk spend their summers in the mountains where the female elk give birth to their babies. In the winter, they move to valleys and pastures where they look for food under the snow.

What Do Elk Eat?

Eli is an herbivore. An herbivore is a vegetarian animal that eats plants only and no meat. Eli and his friends usually eat grass and bushes. They can also eat twigs.

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