ESL Adverbs of Frequency Lesson Plan

Instructor: Kerry Gray

Kerry has been a teacher and an administrator for more than twenty years. She has a Master of Education degree.

This lesson plan will help ESL teachers explain adverbs of frequency and their proper use to students. Students will watch a lesson about adverbs of frequency and practice using them in context.

Learning Objectives

After this lesson students will be able to:

  • define adverbs of frequency
  • compare definite and indefinite adverbs of frequency
  • properly use adverbs of frequency in context


This lesson will take approximately 45-90 minutes.

Curriculum Standards


Make accurate use of standard English to communicate in grade-appropriate speech and writing.


Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.


Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.


  • adverb
  • adverbs of frequency
  • definite adverbs of frequency
  • indefinite adverbs of frequency
  • verb

Materials Needed

One set per group:

  • a gameboard prepared with verbs taped on each space, as well as things like 'miss a turn', 'go back three spaces', 'move ahead three spaces' at random spots
  • a set of index cards prepared with adverbs of frequency on each space
  • dice or die
  • player pieces to mark each player's spot

Lesson Instructions

Activate prior knowledge by asking students how often they read, watch television, and play video games. Explain that today's lesson will be about the words that are used to describe how often something happens.

Watch the lesson What is an Adverb of Frequency? - Definition & Examples as a class. Pause at 0:42 to ask.

  • What are verbs?
  • What are adverbs?
  • How are adverbs of frequency different from other adverbs?
  • What are some examples of adverbs of frequency?

Continue watching the lesson. Pause at 1:21.

Create a T-chart on the board. On one side, have students generate a list of definite adverbs of frequency. On the other side, have students create a list of indefinite adverbs of frequency. Discuss the difference between the two types.

Watch the next section of the lesson. Pause at 1:58.

Provide students with the following verbs one at a time: run, argue, dance, talk, play. Have each student select a definite and an indefinite adverb from the chart to create a sentence using each verb.

Once students are successful at adverb placement using simple present tense verbs, advance to the following verbs with helping verbs: will sleep, will pay, will watch, have stayed, have spoken.

Watch the remainder of the video with students.

To unlock this lesson you must be a Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use

Become a member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about
Try it now
Create an account to start this course today
Used by over 30 million students worldwide
Create an account