ESL Government Lesson Plan

Instructor: Jennifer Smith

Jenn has been an educator for 10 years. She has a master's degree in Teacher Leadership and a bachelors degree in Elementary Education and English Language Acquisition.

In this lesson, ESL students will analyze the United States government and its three main branches. This lesson provides vocabulary, discussion topics, and some activities to use with students.

Learning Objectives

Upon completion, students will be able to:

  • Identify the three branches of government and what they do
  • Explain why a functioning government is important


30-60 minutes


  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.2

Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally.

  • CCSS.ELA-Literacy.SL.3.3

Ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail.


  • Government
  • Executive branch
  • Legislative branch
  • Judicial branch
  • President
  • Vice-President
  • Congress
  • House of Representatives
  • Senate
  • Checks and Balances
  • Constitution
  • Founding Fathers


  • Flash cards with words
  • Bell/clapper (some type of attention getter for each group)
  • Inferring worksheet or sentences written out
  • Visual aid like:


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