ESL Healthcare Lesson Plan

Instructor: Suzanne Rose

Suzanne has taught all levels PK-graduate school and has a PhD in Instructional Systems Design. She currently teachers literacy courses to preservice and inservice teachers.

This lesson plan will help you support your ESL learners as they complete activities that will teach them healthcare-related vocabulary. Students will practice with activities and role-playing.

Learning Objectives

As a result of this lesson, students will be able to:

  • identify healthcare-related vocabulary words
  • use healthcare-related vocabulary appropriately in conversation with peers
  • ask appropriate healthcare-related questions in role-playing situations


45-60 minutes

Curriculum Standards

  • ELP 9-12.1

An ELL can construct meaning from oral presentations and literary and informational text through grade-appropriate listening, reading, and viewing.

  • ELP 9-12.2

An ELL can participate in grade-appropriate oral and written exchanges of information, ideas, and analyses, responding to peer, audience or reader comments and questions.

  • ELP 9-12.7

An Ell can adapt language choices to purpose, task and audience when speaking and writing.

  • ELP 9-12.9

An ELL can create clear and coherent grade-appropriate speech and text.

Materials Needed

  • Images for vocabulary words
  • Healthcare vocabulary bingo cards
  • Bingo chips or tokens to cover the words that are called
  • Healthcare scenario cards for roleplaying


  • Ambulance
  • Appointment
  • Blood work
  • Check-up
  • Clinic
  • Co-pay
  • Cough
  • Deductible
  • Diet
  • Doctor
  • Emergency room (ER)
  • Flu shot
  • Healthcare
  • Hospital
  • Immunization
  • Insurance
  • Laboratory
  • Maternity
  • Medication/medicine
  • Nurse
  • Outpatient
  • Over-the-counter medicine (OTC)
  • Pain
  • Patient
  • Physical exam
  • Prescription (RX)
  • Privacy notice
  • Side-effects
  • Surgery
  • Urgent care
  • Vaccine
  • Vital signs
  • Vitamin
  • Well baby visit


  • Start the lesson by showing the students a prescription bottle and telling them a story about the last time you were sick and had to visit the doctor.
  • Ask how many of them have been sick and gotten medicine. Explain that this lesson is going to teach them words that they need to know about healthcare.
  • Introduce the vocabulary by reading the words to the students and showing them an image to go with each one. Discuss what each word means and ask if they have any questions about the words.
  • Give each student a bingo card that has a healthcare vocabulary word and related image in each square, and a handful of chips or tokens to use to cover the words that you call out.
  • Call out a vocabulary word from the list and use it in a sentence. The students should cover it on their card if they have it. Play until someone gets a bingo.
  • Have the students switch cards so they have a different set of words, and play again. Repeat this several times until the students seem to be fairly familiar with the words.

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