Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.
Upon completion, students will be able to:
- Determine the main idea of a set of images
- Determine the main idea of a text
- Write a sentence explaining the main idea of an illustration
Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.
With guidance and support from adults, produce writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task and purpose.
Determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally
- Main Idea
- Envelopes with the following sets of labeled pictures:
- Birthday party pictures (cake, balloon, present, piñata, party hat)
- Beach pictures (waves, sand, beach umbrella, sand castle, sea shell)
- School pictures (pencil, desk, teacher, backpack, scissors)
- Thanksgiving pictures (turkey, cornucopia, pilgrim, pumpkin pie, family)
- Read aloud text, such as:
- 'Chrysanthemum' by Kevin Henkes
- 'A Bad Case of Stripes' by David Shannon
- 'The Rainbow Fish' by Marcus Pfister
- Copies of various illustrations from books, one per student (do not include the words from the text)
- Blank writing paper, one per student
- Glue sticks, one per student
- Construction paper, one per student
- Divide students into four groups.
- Give each group an envelope.
- Ask the group of students to work together to determine what are the pictures all about.
- Call on students to share responses and address misconceptions as they arise.
- Reveal the correct answers to the students (birthday party, beach, school and Thanksgiving).
- Explain to the students that they just determined the main idea, which is what the pictures were all about.
- Have students repeat the phrase 'main idea.'
- Explain to the students that they also just determined the details, which were the individual pictures.
- Explain that details are the little parts that make up one big main idea.
- Have students repeat the word 'details.'
Listening and Reading
- Explain to students that there is also a main idea of a book or story. They are going to practice determining the main idea by listening to a read aloud.
- Draw a graphic organizer on the board. The graphic organizer should have a large rectangle at the top with multiple squares underneath.
- Explain that they are going to listen for details to be recorded in the squares along the way. At the end, they will determine the main idea which will be recorded in the large rectangle at the top of the graphic organizer.
- Read the text aloud to students.
- Stop to discuss and record details.
- At the end, lead the class in a discussion to determine the main idea.
- Distribute illustrations and blank writing paper to students.
- Write the following sentence frame on the board: 'The main idea of this picture is...'
- Explain to students that they are going to write what the main idea of their illustration is. They can use the sentence frame for support.
- Model how to do this with a teacher example.
- Allow students to share their sentences with the class.
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