Cara has a Master's in Teacher Leadership as well as a Bachelor's in Elementary Education. She has taught on the Elementary and Pre-k level for 5 years.
After this lesson, students will be able to:
- understand the basics of subject-verb agreement.
- choose the correct subject and verb to create a sentence with appropriate subject-verb agreement.
- create their own sentences with correct subject-verb agreement.
Common Core Curriculum Standards
- 74.4 English Language Proficiency Standards (c) Cross-curricular second language acquisition essential knowledge and skills. (5) Cross-curricular second language acquisition/writing. The ELL writes in a variety of forms with increasing accuracy to effectively address a specific purpose and audience in all content areas. ELLs may be at the beginning, intermediate, advanced, or advanced high stage of English language acquisition in writing. In order for the ELL to meet grade-level learning expectations across foundation and enrichment curriculum, all instruction delivered in English must be linguistically accommodated (communicated, sequenced, and scaffolded) commensurate with the student's level of English language proficiency. For Kindergarten and Grade 1, certain of these student expectations do not apply until the student has reached the stage of generating original written text using a standard writing system. The student is expected to
- (D) edit writing for standard grammar and usage, including subject-verb agreement, pronoun agreement, and appropriate verb tenses commensurate with grade-level expectations as more English is acquired;
- (E) employ increasingly complex grammatical structures in content area writing commensurate with grade-level expectations, such as:
- (i) using correct verbs, tenses, and pronouns/antecedents;
- Ensure subject-verb and pronoun-antecedent agreement.
- Produce simple, compound, and complex sentences.
- Construction Paper (or card stock or poster board) for students to glue on
- Copy of the following singular and plural example sentences for each student, cut into strips with one sentence on each strip then cut between the subjects and predicates. (In the following examples, the subject is in italics and the verb is bold.)
- Singular Examples
- Mom washes the dishes.
- Dad eats the chicken.
- He walks to school.
- She looks for a doll.
- Plural Examples
- Our moms wash the dishes.
- Both dads eat the chicken.
- They walk to school.
- We look for a doll.
- Singular Examples
- Gain student interest by saying various sentences incorrectly (e.g. 'I wishes to tell you a story.'). and seeing if any of the students catch the incorrect verb usage in the sentences.
- Engage in a conversation about what the students think sounds incorrect and what they could do to fix it.
- Review with students the concept of the subject-verb agreement.
- Make up sentences that are incorrect ('The dog run home.') and correct ('The dog runs home.') and ask students which has the correct subject-verb agreement.
- If you have a SmartBOARD, this would be a good hands-on time for students to come up to the board and choose the correct sentences.
- Once you are confident that students have a basic understanding, move on to the activities.
Sentence Match Activity
- Give each student a blank piece of construction paper to glue on.
- Explain that the students will be given pieces of sentences, both subjects and predicates.
- The students will need to put the singular and plural subjects and predicates together.
- They can glue the sentences on the construction paper after they let the teacher check their work.
- Once everyone is done, go around the room and allow students to each read one sentence out loud to the class.
Create a Sentence Activity
- Each student should have a blank piece of paper and a pencil.
- Explain to students that you will be calling out subjects and verbs, and students will use these to create their own sentences.
- Give students random subjects and have students create their own short sentence.
- For example, call out 'A cat.' Students can then create any sentence with the correct subject-verb agreement. ('The cat runs.' 'The cat eats.' 'The cat walks.')
- After a few rounds of subjects, begin calling out verbs.
- For example, call out 'clean.' Student can then create any sentence with the correct subject-verb agreement. ('Our moms clean.' 'They clean.')
- Note: Verbs may be more challenging, so extra teacher guidance may be needed.
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