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Estar Conjugation in Spanish: Future & Conditional Tense

Instructor: Ginna Wilkerson

Ginna earned M.Ed. degrees in Curriculum and Development and Mental Health Counseling, followed by a Ph.D. in English. She has over 30 years of teaching experience.

Learn about the Spanish verb ''estar'' ('to be') and its conjugation in the future and conditional tenses. We will also study its meaning in context, as well as some frequently used expressions with this verb.

Estar: Conjugations

How are you? Will you be at home this weekend? Are you ready for your next vacation? All of these questions in Spanish require the verb estar ('to be'). In Spanish there are two different verbs meaning 'to be': ser and estar.

Sometimes, for non-native speakers, it can be tricky to know which one to use. It might be helpful to remember that estar is used for locations and situations or states which are temporal, that is, ones that might change.

There are thousands of expressions with the verb estar, but don't worry! We will start with some frequently used ones that can help you get by in daily situations.

Estar: When to Use

Estar en la playa = To be on the beach
Estar is used in reference to a location or place such as the beach

We use the verb estar when talking about location or place. For example, estar en casa ('to be at home') or estar en la playa ('to be on the beach'). Also, we use estar when talking about situations which are temporal or impermanent, such as feelings or states. For example, estar enfadado ('to be angry') or estar listo ('to be ready').

There are some other handy expressions with estar which might be worth learning:

Expressions with Estar Translation
Estar a dieta 'to be on a diet'
Estar a la venta 'to be for sale'
Estar al día 'to be informed, up-to-date'
Estar bueno/rico 'to be good, tasty'
Estar de fiesta 'to be partying'
Estar de moda 'to be fashionable'

Now, let's see how to use them in context.

Estar: Future Tense

In order to talk about future events, we need to use the future tense. In Spanish, the general rule is easy: We simply take the infinitive and add the verb endings depending on the subject pronouns.

VERB: estar (ehs-TAHR) - to be

Subject Pronouns Estar Conjugation: Future Pronunciation Translation
yo estaré ehs-tah-REH I will be
estarás ehs-tah-RAHS you will be
él/ella/usted estará ehs-tah-RAH he/she/you formal will be
nosotros/nosotras estaremos esh-tah-REH-mohs we will be
vosotros/vosotras estaréis ehs-tah-RAYS you all will be
ellos/ellas/ustedes estarán ehs-tah-RAHN they/you all formal will be

It's Friday, and classes have finished. Nira and Paola talk about their plans for the weekend.

Estar is used when talking about future plans
Estar is used when talking about future plans

Nira: ¿Qué vas a hacer este finde? ('What are you going to do this weekend?) ¿Estarás ocupada? ('Will you be busy?')

Paola: Quiero comprar las entradas para el concierto de rock. ('I want to buy the tickets for the rock concert.') Estarán a la venta el sábado por la mañana. ('They will be for sale on Saturday morning.') ¿Y tú? ('And you?')

Nira: Estaré en casa. ('I'll be at home.') Si quieres te acompaño. ('If you want, I can go with you.')

Paola: ¡Sí! Estaré encantada. ('Yes! I'll be happy.')

Estar: Conditional Tense

The conditional tense is used to talk about possible or hypothetical situations. Similarly to the future tense, we need to take the infinitive and add the conditional endings. It might help to notice that ALL of the endings start with ía-.

VERB: estar (ehs-TAHR) - to be

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