Estar: How to Use Estar When Talking About Location

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  • 0:07 Estar - Introduction
  • 0:25 Conjugating Estar
  • 2:35 Using Estar for Location
  • 4:08 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Lisa Warren
This video will introduce student to the verb 'estar,' which means 'to be.' The video will cover the present tense conjugations of 'estar' as well as how to use the verb with prepositions of location.

Estar - Introduction

Hola! In this video we are going to discuss the verb 'estar'. This is one of two verbs in Spanish that can be translated as 'to be' in English. We will first look at the conjugations of estar, and then we will learn how to use it with prepositions of location. Vamos!

Conjugating Estar

Estar is an irregular verb, which means you have to memorize each conjugation. Still, you may notice that it's not completely different from regular verbs in Spanish. Though you may not use it very often, the 'vosotros' form will be included here for reference.

The 'yo' or 'I' form of the verb is estoy. If you have learned how to talk about how you are feeling each day, then you already know this form! 'Estoy muy bien!' for example.

The 'tú' or 'you singular' form is estás. You may remember the question 'Cómo estás?' which is how you ask someone how they are doing, informally.

The 'él,' 'ella,' and 'usted' form - that is, the 'he,' 'she,' and 'you formal' form - is está. If you remember how to ask someone how he is doing in a formal situation, then you have seen this form: 'Cómo está ud.?'

The 'nosotros' or 'we' form is estamos. If you wanted to say that we are feeling well, you could say 'Estamos muy bien.'

As I said before, you may not ever need to use this form, but in case you do, the 'vosotros,' or 'you all' form is estáis. To ask a group of people, 'how are you?' informally, you would say 'cómo estáis?'

Finally, the 'ellos,' 'ellas,' 'ustedes' form is están. This is the form that talks about 'them' or 'you all.' In a country that uses 'vosotros,' this would be how you would say 'you all' formally. If I wanted to ask how Raúl and Carlos were doing, I would ask 'Cómo están Raúl y Carlos?'

Let's take one more look at each conjugation of 'estar'. Yo estoy...Tú estás...Él/Ella/Ud. está...Nosotros estamos...Vosotros estáis...and Ellos/Ellas/Uds. están.

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