Ethical Issues of Lying, Cheating, Breaking Promises & Stealing

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  • 0:01 Ethical Issues
  • 0:36 Ethical Issues with Lying
  • 1:45 Ethical Issues with…
  • 2:28 Ethical Issues with Cheating
  • 3:16 Ethical Issues with Stealing
  • 4:15 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Christopher Muscato

Chris has a master's degree in history and teaches at the University of Northern Colorado.

Lying, cheating, breaking promises, and stealing are generally considered to be immoral actions. Explore the reasons for this, and discover how each of these can be morally justifiable. Then test your understanding with a brief quiz.

Ethical Issues

Why can't things be simpler? It seems like every week I've got new responsibilities to take care of, some new technology to learn, and dozens of practical matters that need resolved. It's good to know that some things are always going to be true, like our ethical values. Don't lie, don't break promises, don't cheat, don't steal. There are some things you can always count on as being simply true. Unless of course, you can't. That's it; I give up.

Ethical Issues With Lying

Okay, let's start with the issue of lying. A true lie must have three features. It must communicate some information, be intentionally deceptive or misleading, and the liar must be aware it is untrue. In general, lying is considered to be immoral. The philosopher Immanuel Kant once claimed that lying was always immoral because it is manipulative and disrespects the natural rights of others to make their own decisions.

However, it's not quite that simple. Can lying be a moral action? What if a lie protects someone from physical harm? What if lying is better for your own safety and self-preservation? The political writer of the Italian Renaissance Niccolo Machiavelli claimed that lies could be used for personal gain if the end result was moral. In other words, the ends justified the means. If we hold that lying is always immoral, that rules out lying to protect people, as well as relatively innocent lies like telling kids about Santa Claus.

Ethical Issues With Breaking Promises

The issues of lying can also be applied to breaking promises. Now again, keeping a promise is generally seen as a moral necessity. Breaking promises decreases trust, hurts people, and can harm society. But, can breaking a promise be moral? Imagine that someone told you that the dam holding a reservoir of water was about to break, but made you promise not to tell anyone. You could keep the promise, and let the town get flooded, or you could break the promise and make sure everyone gets out safely. Once again, there is an idea of the greater good that is more important than the moral obligation between two individuals.

Ethical Issues With Cheating

Alright, how about cheating? Regardless of whether we're talking about taking a test, gambling, or adhering to the rules of ethical business practices, cheating is on the list of things considered to be immoral. Why? Like lying and breaking promises, cheating undermines social integrity, decreases trust, and thus damages society. Plus, cheating gives some people an unfair advantage over others. That's a common argument against cheating. But, what if some people already have an unfair advantage over others? You may have noticed that the world is not always fair. So, can cheating be moral if it evens out the scales and helps the underprivileged have the same advantages as the powerful?

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