Examples of Evidence-Based Practice

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  • 0:01 Evidence-based practice
  • 1:29 Prevention of Skin Breakdown
  • 2:42 Implementing Change
  • 3:37 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Justine Fritzel

Justine has been a Registered Nurse for 10 years and has a Bachelor's of Science in Nursing degree.

It is not uncommon to hear the term 'evidence-based practice' in the medical field. But you may wonder what that means. We will review what evidence-based practice is and how it can be implemented.

Evidence-Based Practice

The nursing field is devoted to providing the best possible patient care. The nursing profession is continuously seeking to improve nursing practice to improve patient outcomes. The nursing field values evidence-based practice to drive this mission.

Evidence-based practice is the conscientious use of resources to make decisions about patient care. It incorporates a problem-solving approach utilizing current research, clinical guidelines, and other resources based on high-quality findings. Studies continue to prove that using evidence-based practice improves patient outcomes. To put it more simply, a nurse implements her care for a patient based on research that has shown to be effective, combined with her clinical expertise, and considering the patient's values.

There are many different approaches to improving nursing care. These may include research utilization, quality improvement projects, or nursing research. Research utilization was developed to address problems with using research results in practice. Quality improvement projects are a formal way to analyze a problem and find solutions. Nursing research is research focused on supporting nursing practice. Evidence-based practice is not any one of these specifically, although it may incorporate each one of these processes. Let's look at an example of evidence-based practice in nursing.

Prevention of Skin Breakdown

Approximately 2.5 million people are treated in the United States every year for pressure ulcer wounds. This care costs roughly $11 billion! A single pressure ulcer can cost anywhere from $500 to $40,000 to heal.

A patient that is hospitalized may acquire skin breakdown. This is closely related to the quality of nursing care they receive. Prevention of skin breakdown is a priority of nursing care. Implementation of evidence-based practice may decrease the prevalence of hospital-acquired skin breakdown.

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