Explaining Information Found in Texts: Lesson for Kids

An error occurred trying to load this video.

Try refreshing the page, or contact customer support.

Coming up next: Identifying the Structure of a Text

You're on a roll. Keep up the good work!

Take Quiz Watch Next Lesson
 Replay
Your next lesson will play in 10 seconds
  • 0:04 What Is an Informational Text?
  • 1:29 Explaining Informational Texts
  • 3:00 Some Simple Practice
  • 4:22 Lesson Summary
Save Save Save

Want to watch this again later?

Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course.

Log in or Sign up

Timeline
Autoplay
Autoplay
Speed Speed Audio mode
Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Tawnya Eash

Tawnya has a master's degree in early childhood education and teaches all subjects at an elementary school.

How could you teach yourself the process of digestion? One way is to read informational texts such as a science book. In this lesson, you'll learn how to understand and explain important information from non-fiction texts.

What Is an Informational Text?

First, before we get started with learning about informational text, let's look at an example:

Do you know why koalas are almost endangered?

The koala is close to being an endangered species. Some of the blame for the decrease in numbers goes to the koala itself. Koalas are picky eaters. They live in tall eucalyptus trees and eat leaves. There are over 600 different types of eucalyptus trees, but koalas only eat leaves from specific types. Some koalas eat as little as four to 120 of the 600 types of eucalyptus trees.

After reading this informational text on koalas, you should be able to describe what's happening and why. Informational texts give you real facts. There are many types of informational texts that relay important information. Some examples of information texts include the following:

Informational Texts
Science, social studies, or other textbooks
Trade books
Autobiographies and biographies
Narrative nonfiction
Newspapers
Magazines
Reference materials, like information on the internet

You can use informational texts to help you understand more about a topic or to learn something new. Let's now take a look at how you can understand and explain information through texts.

Explaining Informational Texts

Before you're able to explain information in nonfiction texts, you have to find it! This can be a challenge because some informational texts can be difficult to understand. Check out these tips to help you find and comprehend content:

  • Step 1: Reread sections.
  • Step 2: Look for clue words, such as definitions or explanations.
  • Step 3: Pay attention to text features. This chart shows text features found in informational texts. As you can see, this can include words appearing in bold font or highlighted outright. This can also include pictures, and diagrams, like this one:

Text features
Features

Sometimes it's as simple as a map, or how the text is formatted with headings.

  • Step 4: Find the main idea or what the text is mostly about.

After you find and understand the information, how do you explain it? To explain the content you've learned, you retell the information you read. Use your own words to describe what's happening and why. Feel free to refer back to the original text when needed.

  • Previous example: koalas
    • What Is Happening?: Koalas are at risk of becoming endangered. Because they're picky eaters, they cause trouble for themselves.
    • Why?: There are more than 600 different eucalyptus trees out there to eat, but koalas only eat from four to 120 of them.

Pretty simple, right?

To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member.
Create your account

Register to view this lesson

Are you a student or a teacher?

Unlock Your Education

See for yourself why 30 million people use Study.com

Become a Study.com member and start learning now.
Become a Member  Back
What teachers are saying about Study.com
Try it risk-free for 30 days

Earning College Credit

Did you know… We have over 200 college courses that prepare you to earn credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. You can test out of the first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. Anyone can earn credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level.

To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page

Transferring credit to the school of your choice

Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Study.com has thousands of articles about every imaginable degree, area of study and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you.

Create an account to start this course today
Try it risk-free for 30 days!
Create an account
Support