Extraversion in Personality: Definition & Overview

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  • 0:01 Blah Blah, Talk Talk
  • 0:33 What Is Extraversion?
  • 2:23 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Stephanie Foley

Stephanie has a BA & MA iin psychology and has taught for 13 years.

Social butterflies, a friend to all, party animal, chatter-boxes. Call them what you will, those with extraverted personalities seek out and enjoy social stimulation. Learn more about what makes an extravert in this lesson.

Blah Blah, Talk Talk

Initiated by psychologist Carl Jung, the extraverted person is someone who is most focused on the external world, hence the term extraversion. While most people have small fluctuations in their personalities depending on what they are doing and with whom they are doing the activity, extraverts are at their happiest when around people, lots of people, often. Parties, concerts, clubs, out with large groups of friends, are all venues in which extraverts would be energized.

What Is Extraversion?

Extraversion has become one of the basic personality types on most major personality tests. Among these measurements and tests are the Big Five personality traits. According to the definition provided in this metric, An extravert is high on sociability, talkativeness, energy and assertiveness. These are no wallflowers. When an extravert is in a group, he or she meets and greets everyone with enthusiasm, not reserve or intimidation.

By comparison, those who enjoy times spent alone with their thoughts, work, or a solitary hobby, are introverts. Introverts have more internal dialogue (it's that voice in your head, your stream of thoughts) and may be more intelligent as well. But, they do report being happy less often.

Extraverts often feel happy and that is evident in their behavior because they seem 'up.' Extraverts do report higher and more frequent levels of happiness and better moods than introverts. In the United States, they also tend to have higher self-esteem.

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