Eye Injuries & Head Trauma: First Aid Video

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  • 0:03 Head & Eye Injuries
  • 0:27 A Black Eye
  • 1:40 Head Trauma
  • 3:15 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Instructor: Artem Cheprasov
In this lesson, you're going to learn about the difference between a simple black eye and a potentially dangerous one, as well as what you should do about it. You'll also learn about cases of head trauma in general.

Head & Eye Injuries

I can't tell you how many times I've gotten a black eye. A ball to the face, a fall on the ice, and so many more. And each time, there was at least some minor head trauma involved as well. Most of the time, head trauma and a black eye doesn't signify much in terms of serious consequences, but sometimes they require hospitalization.

Here, we're going to go over the basic first aid involved with black eyes and head trauma.

A Black Eye

Ok, so let's just say that you are like me and seem to get a black eye from playing a sport, not carefully skating on the ice, or something else. What's a black eye anyway? A black eye represents the injury to tissues and blood vessels under the skin around the eye. Again, by itself the black eye isn't serious. It'll go away with time. However, the black eye may be a representation of more serious internal injuries to the bones around the eye or the eye itself!

Bruising around both eyes, bleeding from the nose or eyes, bleeding on the white or colored areas of the eye, severe pain, and/or double vision may all indicate that you have a serious skull or eye injury, and so you need to go to the doctor right away. However, if it's just a case of a simple black eye you can gently apply a cold compress soon after you get injured. When you do this, make sure you aren't pressing on the eye itself to avoid injury. Repeat the cold compress several times a day for one to two days. After a few days have passed and the swelling has more or less stopped, you can apply a warm compress several times a day for one to two days thereafter.

Head Trauma

As you can already tell by now, anything that can cause a black eye may potentially cause trauma to the head. Head trauma refers to an injury to the head that may cause everything from damage to the soft tissue to the bones that encase the brain. Sometimes, head trauma consists of nothing more than a simple bruise that you can just keep an eye on, assuming you're not using a swollen black eye for this.

However, if you or anyone else experiences any of the following signs or symptoms after an incident that causes trauma to the head, call 911 right away, as they may be signs of a serious injury:

  • A severe headache
  • Bleeding from the mouth, nose, or ears
  • Severe bleeding from the head or face
  • A change in the level of consciousness or mental state
  • Loss of balance or weakness
  • Difficulty speaking
  • Unequal pupil size
  • Seizures

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