Fables Lesson for Kids: Definition & Examples

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  • 0:04 Lessons Learned
  • 0:55 Aesop's Famous Fables
  • 2:27 Lesson Summary
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Lesson Transcript
Valerie Keenan

Valerie has taught elementary school and has her master's degree in education.

Expert Contributor
Jenna Clayton

Jenna received her BA in English from Iowa State University in 2015, and she has taught at the secondary level for three years.

Discover the meaning of words like fable and moral. Read about some notable fables and a man named Aesop who was most famous for telling these short stories.

Lessons Learned

Have you ever been caught in a lie only to regret it immediately? Perhaps you've hurt a sibling or said something mean to a friend and felt sorry right away. Chances are, those actions came with consequences, regardless of your regret. You may have been grounded, had privileges taken away, or even lost a friend. In turn, you learned a valuable life lesson from the whole experience.

Fables also teach lessons. A fable is a story that usually uses animals to teach a valuable life lesson, a moral. This story is typically short and states its moral at the very end. Some of the most popular fables were told by a man known as Aesop who was born a slave in Greece thousands of years ago. The Tortoise and the Hare, The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse, and The Ant and the Grasshopper are just a few of Aesop's notable fables.

Aesop's Famous Fables

The Tortoise and the Hare tells of a boastful hare who believes he is faster than any other animal in the forest and cannot be beat. A tortoise, tired of the bragging, decides to race the hare. Although the tortoise is much slower than the hare, he is determined and does not stop until he crosses the finish line. The hare, so sure of himself, stops for a nap and is beat! The moral of this fable: Slow and steady wins the race.

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Additional Activities

Fables Extension Activity

RAFT Writing Activity

Choose one of the following well-known fables written by Aesop:

  • The Tortoise and the Hare
  • The Ant and the Grasshopper
  • The Town Mouse and the Country Mouse

For this activity, you will complete a RAFT. You will be given a specific role and audience, and you will also be asked to write in a specific format and about a specific topic.

Role: You are an animal of your choice. (Example: tiger, shark, etc.)

Audience: You are writing to another animal of your choice. This animal has never read any of Aesop's fables.

Format: You are going to write a letter.

Topic: You will be summarizing the fable of your choice. Make sure to include the moral at the end of your summary.

In other words, you will be writing from the perspective of an animal of your choice, and you will be writing a letter to another animal. However, this animal has never read or heard about any of Aesop's fables. You are going to tell your new friend about one of the three fables listed above. Write your summary, and then explain the moral of the fable to your new animal friend. Make sure to begin your letter with a greeting. Most letters start with the word "Dear" followed by the name of the letter's recipient. This greeting should have its own line. After your greeting, tell your friend that you just read a fable. Then, summarize the fable and explain the moral to your friend. End your letter with a complimentary closing, such as "Sincerely" or "Yours truly" and then write your name beneath (remember you are an animal and can have an entirely new name).

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