Occupational choice is affected by four factors: psychological, social, economic and cultural. An individual's job choice is molded by their family, morals, values, intelligence, abilities, finances and many other things.
One night, Police Chief Sam was putting his son to bed. After their nightly book ritual, his son Santino asked how and why he became a police officer. Sam took a sip of water and sat down on his son's bed. 'Psychological, social, economic, and cultural factors are the main reasons as to why I chose law enforcement as a career.' Most people have certain factors that determine why they choose a specific occupational choice, or job or profession. Sam was no different.
The first factors that can impact an individual's occupational choice are psychological factors. These factors consist of interest, aptitude, or intelligence. Sam always had an interest in law enforcement and protecting people. He was very smart, had excellent analytical skills, and could read people easily. This helped him to excel as a detective. He was able to quickly analyze a crime scene or find out if a suspect was lying.
This talent caused to Sam to lead in arrests for homicides and drug cases. Certain occupations need individuals to have specific skill sets. For example, an accountant would need to be detail-oriented and like to analyze numbers. An engineer needs to excel in math and science.
Social factors also affected Sam's job choice. Social factors can have a huge impact on the occupation an individual chooses to attain. Personality, attitudes, and lifestyle all fall within the definition of social factors. Sam's personality was intense and outgoing. Suspects wanted to confide in him. He had an incredible work ethic and regarded liars, cheaters, and unethical people with disdain. His lifestyle consisted of martial arts, boxing, and weightlifting. Sam's social factors supported his career choice, which can be physically demanding and stressful.
In addition, finding role models in an individual's formative years can help with choosing an occupation as well. Sam met a policeman early on due to a fight he was involved with in the neighborhood. He soon developed a friendship/mentor relationship with the policeman, which later led to his first job.
Sam grew up very poor in an urban environment, which also affected his job choice. Economic factors can also influence an individual's job selection. People that come from an affluent background have easy access to higher education. This can cause individuals to choose a white-collar job instead of a blue-collar one. Salaries, benefits, and bonuses can also impact what career choice is selected by an individual.
For example, Sam grew up in a large family in an urban environment. There was not any extra money for him to attend college. He knew that the best chance for him to make a good living would be in law enforcement.
Sam deciding to go into law enforcement was tremendously impacted by cultural factors, which are beliefs, morals, and values. Specific events that can occur in an individual's life can have a huge impact on their occupational choice. Sam's events were related to childhood bullies and drug dealers in his neighborhood. He hated the bullies and drug dealers that ruined his neighborhood, and he spent his teen years fighting the bullies on the streets. He felt a sense of duty to dedicate his life to improve society.
His parents, especially his mom, instilled excellent family values and morals. Sam believed that the family unit was important and drugs ruined many lives. Most high school students utilize their school and family to help determine what career path they should follow. All of these factors impacted Sam's decision to service society. Sam's son loved to hear how his dad chose his profession. In fact, Santino would like to follow in his dad's footsteps one day!
Occupational choice is affected by four factors: psychological, social, economic, and cultural. An individual's job choice is molded by their family, morals, values, intelligence, abilities, finances, and many other factors.
After finishing this video lesson, you should be able to indicate the factors that can influence a person's career choice. You should also be capable of sharing aspects of and citing the contrasts between social, economic and cultural factors.