Facts about Egypt: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Heather Jenkins

Heather has a bachelor's degree in elementary education and a master's degree in special education. She was a public school teacher and administrator for 11 years.

Pyramids, sand, and camels are all things that people may think of when they think of Egypt; but there is more to this country than what we see on television or in the movies. In this lesson, you will learn all about the geography, culture, history, and economics of Egypt.

Geography and Climate

Can you imagine walking the Nile with King Tut? Or seeing the Pyramids of Giza up close? It's no doubt that Egypt has some pretty amazing history and fascinating sites to see.

Flag of Egypt
Flag of Egypt

Egypt is located in northeastern Africa. It is bordered by the Mediterranean Sea in the north, the Red Sea and Israel in the East, Sudan in the south, and Libya in the west. The population of Egypt is estimated to be 80-90 million, and the capital city is Cairo.

Most of Egypt is a hot desert environment with little rainfall. Close to the border with the Mediterranean Sea, the weather can be cooler, and the rainfall is greater.

Egypt is home to the Nile River, which is the longest river in the world at over 4,200 miles long. Imagine paddling a canoe down that! Additionally, Mount Sinai, a famous location mentioned in the Bible and historical texts, is located in Egypt.


This is a picture of Egyptian women dancing during a festival.
Egyptian Dance

Arabic is the official language of Egypt, while English is the most popular foreign language that is heard in Egypt. Most people who live in Egypt are Muslim and practice the religion of Islam. Approximately 10% of the population practices Christianity.

Families are important for Egyptians and come first above all other relationships. If you were an Egyptian, you would be expected to show hospitality to your family and friends and to respect to elders and people in places of authority.

Egypt has a large film industry for the Middle East. Belly dancing, which may have started in Egypt, is both popular and something for which Egypt is well known. Egyptians also love football, which Americans call soccer, and handball.


This is a picture of a pyramid in Egypt.

The Egyptian civilization began around 3500 BC when settlers came to the Nile River Valley. In 3100 BC, Narmer brought upper and lower Egypt together to make one civilization. Around this time, hieroglyphics, or writing with pictures and symbols, was developed. Today, figuring out what hieroglyphics mean is kind of like deciphering a coded message.

In 2700 BC, the first stone pyramid was built, followed by the famous Pyramids of Giza in 2600 BC. Later, Pharaoh King Tutankhamen (King Tut) ruled Egypt from approximately 1332-1323 BC. Can you imagine how awesome it would have been to hang out with King Tut at the pyramids in your free time?

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