Facts About Fruit: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Beth Burns

Mary Beth has taught 1st, 4th and 5th grade and has a specialist degree in Educational Leadership. She is currently an assistant principal.

There are thousands of different types of fruit all over the world. Learn about the characteristics of fruit, how it is made and the health benefits of eating fruit every day!

Characteristics of Fruit

Did you know that the Supreme Court officially ruled that a tomato is a vegetable, but scientists believe that it is a fruit? While you read this, think about which side you agree with, as it has been quite a debate over the years.

When many people think of fruit, they think of something juicy and sweet, like a pineapple or a kiwi. This is why the Supreme Court ruled that the tomato is a vegetable - it's not sweet, so most people think of it as a vegetable. However, fruit is not always sweet. In fact, some fruits aren't even edible, like holly, ivy and mistletoe.

Mistletoe is a fruit that is not edible, but is okay to kiss under as a winter tradition!
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Scientists simply identify fruit as the part of any plant that has seeds, so tomatoes, pumpkins and cucumbers are also technically fruits.

Fruits come in different shapes, sizes and colors. Most fruits have three parts: the outermost skin (the exocarp), the middle of the fruit (mesocarp) and the inside of the fruit (endocarp). Some fruits' exocarps are a hard shell, like pineapple or watermelon, while others' exocarps are soft and edible, such as with peaches or plums.

Where Does Fruit Come From?

Fruit comes from the fertilization of a flower's ovary (the female reproductive organ of the flower). Fertilization is when the fruit is supplied with the elements that is needed for it to grow quickly. Some fertilization occurs naturally within the soil, while other fertilization happens when people add nutrients to the flower.

This compost is decayed, organic matter that is used as a natural fertilizer
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Fruit can grow on the ground, on a tree or on a vine, and fruits are categorized by the way they grow. Simple fruits grow from one ovary and can contain one or many seeds, like a grape. An aggregate fruit is made up of hundreds of little fruits with their own seeds, such as raspberries and blackberries. A multiple fruit forms from a cluster of flowers that fuse together, like pineapple.

Benefits of Fruit

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