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Facts About Goats: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Mary Grace Miller

Mary Grace has taught first grade for 8 years and has a Bachelor's degree in Elementary Education and is licensed in ESL.

You've seen goats on a farm and read about them in stories, but what kind of an animal is a goat? What do they eat? This lesson will teach you lots of facts about the habitat, diet, and life cycle of goats.

What Are Goats?

Gary the goat used to live on a farm, but now he is free! The only problem is that he is not sure where to go and how to find his food! Read on to learn about the lives of goats, and how Gary will adapt to his life as a goat out in the wild.

Both male and female goats have long beards!
goat

Goats are mammals. This means that they have fur, give birth to live babies, and are warm-blooded. Gary, just like all goats, has a long body, short legs, and a short tail. Gary is a small goat and only weighs 20 pounds, but some of his goat friends weigh as much as 250 pounds! That's about as much as an adult athlete! Gary has soft and curly fur, but some of his friends have short and coarse fur.

Where Do Goats Live?

Like Gary, many goats live on farms. When they live on farms, goats live in pens, or small fenced-in areas for animals. Farmers put straw inside the pens for goats to sleep on. Now that Gary is no longer a farm goat, he can choose to live in North America, Asia, or Europe. Some of his predators are mountain lions, coyotes, and bobcats, so he does want to stay away from the mountains where these animals usually live.

What Do Goats Eat?

Goats are herbivores that eat grass, hay, and grain.
goat

Gary is an herbivore, which means that he only eats plants. When he lived on the farm, his farmer fed him hay and grain. Now he likes to graze on grass and other plants on the ground. Goats like Gary have a really interesting way of digesting their food. They chew their food a little bit, swallow it, and then spit it back up into their mouths to chew again! This helps them make sure they get all the energy they can from their food.

How Do Goats Grow?

Baby goats are called kids.
kid

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