Facts About Horses: Lesson for Kids

Instructor: Lindsy Frazer

Dr. Frazer has taught several college level Science courses and has a master's degree in Human Biology and a PhD in Library and Information Science.

We usually think about horses as pets, but they have been working with humans to do important jobs for thousands of years. Learn about the jobs horses do, different types of horses and more fascinating facts about horses in this lesson.

Man's Best Friend

Some people say 'dogs are a man's best friend,' but horses have been working with humans for over 10,000 years! Before cars, people used horses to get around, and before tractors, horses were used to plow farm fields so crops could be planted.

Today, many people keep horses as pets, but some horses still work side by side with humans. Horses even work in law enforcement; police horses help police officers patrol the streets and control large crowds.

Horses have been working with humans for over 10,000 years and even work in law enforcement.
Police Horse

Work Horses

There are over 300 different types of horse, but horses are categorized into three groups by their traits, or characteristics: hot bloods, cold bloods or warm bloods. Don't be confused by the group names: we group horses by what they can do, not the temperature of their blood. In fact, all horses have the same blood temperature, about 100° F.

Hot Bloods

Have you ever seen a horse race? Hot bloods are very athletic with light, muscular bodies and are known for their speed, so they make great race horses. They are also known for having a hot temper and can be hard to train. Since they are from hot places, hot bloods have thin coats of hair to keep them cool.

Cold Bloods

I'm sure you guessed by the name, but cold blood horses come from cold places, so they have thick coats of hair to keep them warm. Cold bloods have large bodies and are known for being very strong, but calm and friendly. Since they are so strong, cold bloods are used to do hard work like plowing farm fields and carrying heavy loads.

Warm Bloods

What do you get when you mix something hot with something cold? That's right, you get something warm. Warm blood horses have a mix of hot blood and cold blood traits. They are athletic and strong but also friendly and smart. Since they are intelligent and athletic people usually train warm bloods to compete.

Horses are categorized based on their skills and the types of jobs they are good at.
Horse Categories

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